Tag Archives: Immigration

Schmidts to the New World – 1892

Anyone who knows me or reads this blog knows that I have a fondness for my Schmidt relatives.  The story of Wilhelm Schmidt, who was a journeyman carpenter in Posen, Prussia and was in the Prussian Army, leaving Prussia and his family behind in 1885 to start a new life in the north woods of Wisconsin… how he got married, worked hard and eventually was able to bring his mother and five sisters to Wisconsin in 1892… how he built a little community on Grand Avenue in Rothschild, Wisconsin where his family lived for over 100 years…. it’s a story that’s very dear to me.

Recently I wrote about my discovery that one of Wilhelm’s sisters, Amelie Schmidt, was actually married to Christian Karl in Prussia.  That she had had twin boys in Prussia, and that the boys and Christian Karl had come over here at the same time Amelie did, according to the census records.  This knowledge changed some things for me, because I was now going to be looking for travel and immigration records for Amelie Karl, not Amelie Schmidt, and she’d be traveling with her husband and her twin boys in 1892.  So I did the searches, and after many, many records that were misses, I finally came across a New York passenger list for “Christ. and Emilie Carl”:

Christ Karl & Amelie Schmidt Passenger List

The married couple were traveling aboard the “Aller” (French for “to go”) from Bremen, Germany to New York, arriving on 19 April 1892.  It was Christian Karl, Amelie Schmidt and one of their twin sons, Gustav, who was listed as 8 months old.  (Yikes!)  They are listed as having a final destination of “Wis” and are staying in the Petty Officer’s Room (perhaps because of the young child?).  My immediate though was, “Where’s the other twin?”.  My cousin Jeannie and I both thought that perhaps they could only handle one 8-month-old at a time on a trans-atlantic steamship voyage, and left the other boy with family they knew would be coming to the US after them.

The “Aller”, which brought Amelie Schmidt to the US along with her husband and son Gustav.

Later that same night, I found what I was looking for (again, after digging through a mountain of records that were not the right ones).  Another New York passenger list for the “Ems”, once again traveling from Bremen, Germany to New York, arriving on 25 July 1892 (about three months after the Karls arrived).  Aboard were Wilhelmine “Schmith” (55 years old), her daughters Alvine (26) and Bertha (13) and 9 month old child “Wilhelm Schmith”.  This was, of course, the other twin son Wilhelm Karl.

Passenger list for the “Ems” bringing Wilhelmine Winkelmann and her family to the US.

Even more remarkable to me was that it actually listed “Gornitz” as the home town for the Schmidts.  Bertha had been born there in 1880, according to her marriage document, and I knew Wilhelm had been living there in 1884 and 1885 from his military passport.  I also knew that Wilhelm had paid for the passage to the US for a friend of his, Emil Prielipp, who was from Gornitz.  This was yet another piece of evidence that the family lived there from at least 1880 until 1892 when they came to the US.

The “Ems” which brought Wilhelmine Winkelmann, Alvine Schmidt, Bertha Schmidt and Wilhelm Karl to the US.

So Wilhelmine Winkelmann, my 3x great grandmother, traveled to the US with her two daughters and her grandson, arriving in New York on a summer evening in 1892 to begin her new life in the US.  Some short time later, she was reunited with her son and her other daughter who had come before her.

I’m still looking for the remaining passenger lists.  I have a possible hit for Wilhelm, who came to the US in mid 1885.  I also still need to find lists for Antonie and Pauline, but I’m guessing they were traveling from Bremen to New York, so that should make it easier to find them.

Wilhelm Schmidt, Emil and Otto Prielipp

Otto Prielipp was a German/Prussian immigrant who came to the US in 1922.  In 1923, my great-great-grandfather Wilhelm Schmidt paid $164.98 for Otto’s brother Emil Prielipp come to the US from Germany/Prussia.  [Gornitz was in the Prussian Province of Posen, but I believe technically after WWI it was considered Germany.]  Both men worked in the paper mill with my great-grandfather Edwin Schmidt, and both lived on Grand Avenue in Rothschild, Wisconsin(as the Schmidt family did).  Gloria and Kay Johnson were friends with the Prielipp daughters.  It’s not clear if Wilhelm also paid for Otto to come to the US.

Ticket for Emil Prielipp to the US from Gornitz, Prussia.

On the passenger record for Emil Prielipp it gives his home town as “Gornitz, Ashebude, Germany”.  Gornitz is the town where Wilhelm was living from November, 1884 until he came to the US in the second half of 1885.  “Ashebude” (actually Ascherbude) is a small town near Gornitz.  Emil sailed aboard the “Albert Ballin” from Hamburg, Germany on 8 Nov 1923, arriving in New York harbor on 18 November.  His destination was listed as “Rothschild, Wisconsin”, and his father was listed as Hermann Prielipp, and his trade as “blacksmith”.

Emil Prielipp passenger list, 1923

Emil’s brother Otto left Gornitz in 1922 on board the “SS Mount Carroll” which sailed from Hamburg, Germany on 29 Jun 1922 and arrived in New York on 11 Jul 1922.  Otto was listed as a “Farm Laborer”, father Hermann Prielipp of Gornitz, and with a destination of Wausau, Wisconsin.

Otto Prielipp Passenger List, 1922

Otto Prielipp passenger list, 1922

I’ve asked Gloria to try to get me in contact with Otto’s daughters.  My hope is that they know something about the relationship between their father/uncle and Wilhelm Schmidt, and perhaps even have some knowledge (even if it’s just family stories) about Gornitz.

UPDATE:  From further records discovered by Doris Winkelmann Sonntag and Marlena Krzemińska, we now suspect that Emil Prielipp was the grandson of Hannah Auguste Friedericke “Friedericke” Winkelmann, who was the sister to my 3x great-grandmother Wilhelmine Winkelmann. So Wilhelm Schmidt may have been paying for the passage of his first cousin, once removed. It seems probable that Emil’s father Hermann was Wilhelm’s first cousin, and may have written to Wilhelm to ask for help getting his two sons to the US.