Portrait of William Duff Sr (1766 – 1836)

A cousin sent me this wonderful copy of a portrait that’s been in her family for many generations.  It’s said to be a portrait of William Duff Sr., who was my 4x great-grandfather.  I have written about William and his descendants previously: Meet the Duff Family of Perthshire, Scotland.

This painting shows William in what appears to be the uniform of a British Army footman c1790-1810, around the time of the Napoleonic Wars.

William Duff Sr.

William Duff Sr.

Another cousin from a branch of the family more closely-related to my own also has a copy of this portrait.  On the back it says, “William Duff of Berry Hill, Perthshire, Scottland”.  It is the same portrait as the first, but with more detail. In this one it looks like he might be standing on a ship.


Portrait of William Duff, courtesy of Sean and Ann Collins.

It feels almost like several copies must have been made by someone in the family who was artistically inclined and then given to various family members.

The copper “gorget”, seen at his collar is actually in the possession of my cousin Catherine Duff.  This is a photo she sent me of it:

Duff Gorget

Duff Gorget

It’s hard to make out the detail, but it’s a British Georgian crown over “GR” and laurel sprays.  Here’s a photo of a similar item showing more detail:


My cousin Catherine found this citation which lists a “Major William Duff” among the “26th British Regiment of Foot” from 14 Feb 1786 to March 1793.  Unfortunately, the “Book of the Duffs” shows this Major William Duff is not our ancestor.  Another cousin has verified that William of the 26th was not our Ancestor, but also found a mention of a William Duff who was a decommissioned officer of the Central Regiment of the Royal Perthshire Local Militia.  That is a possibility we will have to research.

The quest continues.

I’d love to find out more about this uniform and what it implies about William Duff’s service in the British military around 1800.  If anyone has more details, please feel free to contact me.

The Mullins and Hammond Families

My great-grandmother Edith Edna Curtis was born 31 Mar 1903 in Dubuque, Iowa and died 26 Mar 1989 in Wausau, Wisconsin.  She was the mother of my maternal grandfather, Lloyd O. Krueger, and the daughter of Florin Herbert “Bert” Curtis and Edna Edith Mullins.


Edith Edna Curtis in 1947

I’ll write about the Curtis family some other time because it’s the only family on my mother’s side that’s not made up of recent immigrants to the US.  In fact, some branches of the Curtis family go back to the Pilgrims like much of my father’s family does.  Everyone in the family considered Edith to be “an Irish gal”, even though she was really only half Irish. Edith’s mother, Edna E. Mullins (1881-1964) was the child of Irish immigrants, John Mullins and Mary Jane Hammond.

John Mullins was a blacksmith, said to have been born on 25 Mar 1844 in Ireland, and mostly likely coming to the US about 1862 around the age of 18.  So far nothing is known about his family or his history in Ireland, and it is often the case that Irish immigrants did not know their actual birth dates and picked one once they arrived in America that they used here.

On 14 Sept 1863 John Mullins enlisted as a private in Company E of the 14th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment in the Union Army.  I find this remarkable, because it’s not likely he had been in this country more than a handful of years.  He served nevertheless.


John Mullins US Army enlistment, 1863

John’s company was sent on detached service to Fort LaFayette in New York Harbor where they manned the heavy cannons protecting the harbor.


Ft. LaFayette, New York Harbor, 1863

Later, in March 1864 his company joined the Army of the Potomac on the front lines where it was assigned to the 5th corps, to which it was attached throughout the remainder of the war, most of the time assigned to Ayres’ (2nd) division.  According to the New York State Military Museum, “The regiment took part in the engagements of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, the North Anna, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, White Oak Swamp, the first assault on Petersburg, Weldon railroad, Poplar Grove Church, Hicksford raid, Hatcher’s run, and the Appomattox campaign, including actions at Five Forks, the fall of Petersburg, and Appomattox Court House. ”

John Mullins was promoted “by special orders” to the rank of Corporal on 16 Aug 1864, and mustered out after the war in Washington D.C. on 26 Aug 1865.  I don’t know when his regiment returned from Virginia to Washington D.C., so I don’t know if he was in the nation’s capitol when President Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865.


John Mullins (1844-1894)

Faded service stone near the grave of John Mullins: “John Mullins, Co. E 14th Reg. N.Y. Heavy Art.”

Edna Mullins’ mother was the afore-mentioned Martha J. Hammond.  You can learn a lot more about her in this story.  She was born on on 22 Jun 1848 in Drummenny, Donegal, Ireland, the third child of John Hammond and Jane Bustard.  Martha came from a rather extensive family, having seven full siblings and thirteen half-siblings.  She arrived in the US on 26 Sept 1866 aboard the “Caledonia” sailing from Glasgow, Scotland to New York City.  She was 17 years old and traveling with her 20-year-old sister Elizabeth “Betty” Hammond.

The Caledonia which brought the Hammond sisters to the US in 1866.

Martha is in the 1870 census for Marengo, Iowa living with her 11-year-old sister Margaret.  John is in the same Census working as a Blacksmith on the ranch of cattle dealer Thomas Crew.  The next year, on 18 May 1871, the two were married in Marengo.


John Mullins & Mary Jane Hammond, c1871.

Four children were born in Marengo, and my 2x-great-grandmother Edna Mullins was born after the family moved to Grinnell, Iowa about 1879.  The family can be found in the 1880 census for Grinnell.   John is again listed as a blacksmith.

John Mullins was only 49 years old when he died in Grinnell of “paralysis” on 29 Jun 1894.  He was buried in Hazelwood Cemetery.  Martha went to live with her daughter Bessie and her husband Guy H. Curtis where they can be found in the 1900, 1910, 1915, 1920, and 1930 census records.  Martha Hammond Mullins died in Grinnell of heart disease on 2 Dec 1930 at the age of 82.


Martha Jane Hammond c1920

Their daughter (my 2x-great-grandmother) Edna Mullins was born in Grinnell, Iowa on 30 July 1881.  She married Florin Herbert “Bert” Curtis on 31 Dec 1896 in Great Falls, Montana.  She lied about her age and said she was 16 on her marriage license, but really she was only 15 years old.  Bert was 21.


Curtis family, about 1900.

After a brief stint in Montana, they moved back to Iowa.  Bert and Edna had at least nine children, and likely ten, between 1898 and 1917.  Edna was a housewife, raising the kids, and Bert worked painting carriages.  Eventually they moved to Toledo, Iowa and Bert made the move from painting carriages to painting cars.  By 1946 Bert and Edna had moved to Dubuque.

Burt & Edna Curtis in 1944

Bert Curtis and Edna Mullins at their 50th wedding anniversary celebration. January 1, 1947.

Bert died of a heart attack on 4 Oct 1952 at the age of 77, and Edna died 27 May 1964 at University Hospital of gangrene (probably diabetes-related).  She was 82.  They are both buried in Linwood Cemetery in Dubuque.

Portraits of Martha Jane Hammond (1848-1930) & John Mullins (1844-1894)

Martha Jane Hammond was my 3x great-grandmother.  She was born in Drummenny, Donegal, Ireland, the daughter of John Hammond and Jane Bustard.  She married John Mullins, a fellow Irish immigrant and US Civil War veteran in Marengo, Iowa in 1871.

The descendants of my great-grand-aunt Ruth Curtis in Dubuque, Iowa have a large repository of family history documents and photos.  In that collection was the following portrait, which was marked in a conflicting manner as both “Martha Jane Hammond” and also as her daughter “Agnes Mullins”.


Martha Jane Hammond c1871


The front says “Aggie (Agnes) Mullins”.  The back says “Grandma Martha Mullins – Ruthie’s (Ruth Curtis’s) Grandmother”.

Agnes Mullins died at age 15, so when I first saw this portrait I felt like it could not have been her.  I proceeded for a long time with the assumption that this was a portrait of Martha Jane Hammond as a young woman.  You can see that there’s another person seated next to her, so this was cropped from a larger portrait of two people.  That usually means a marriage photo, so it was probably taken about the time of her wedding in 1871.  I’m guessing the “Aggie Mullins” might mean it originally belonged to her, and then passed to another family member (presumably my 2x-great-grandmother Edna Mullins) when Agnes died in 1891.

Then many months later a cousin named Michael Curtis uploaded several new photos to his account on Ancestry.com.  They are not scanned very well, but they are clear enough that one can get a much better picture of Martha and her husband John Mullins.

The first photo was of Martha’s husband (my 3x great-grandfather) John Mullins.  It’s not clear when it was taken, but he looks to be about 35 years old, so I’m guessing it was taken about 1880.  The photo was taken in Grinnell, Iowa, which was where the family was living in 1880.


John Mullins (1844-1894)

When he enlisted in the 14th New York Heavy Artillery regiment in 1863, he was 19 years old and described as 5’6″ in height with blue eyes, light hair, and fair complexion.

The next photo is of Martha with one of her daughters:


Martha Jane Hammond and unknown daughter, courtesy of Michael Curtis.

To me, it didn’t seem like the same woman as the older photo I already had.  The jaw-line is similarly strong, and the hair is curly in both, but this woman seemed to have pale blue eyes, and in the older photo the woman seemed to have darker eyes.  Then another photo of Martha as an older woman was put online:


Martha Jane Hammond as an older woman.  Courtesy of Michael Curtis.

This looked to be the same woman as the middle portrait.

Next came one of the missing pieces of the puzzle.  It’s the full portrait from which the original portrait of Martha was taken:


John Mullins & Martha Jane Hammond, c1871.  Courtesy of Michael Curtis.

My first thought was this must be two of the children of John and Martha.  I remembered that the original portrait had been labeled “Agnes Mullins”, so I thought it was Agnes and her older brother, William Mullins.  But as I said, Agnes died at age 15, and the ages of these two didn’t seem correct for her to be 14 or 15 and him to be 20.  It seemed more likely that this was a wedding portrait of John and Martha.

The final piece of the puzzle was this portrait of Guy Harvey Curtis (brother of my 2x-great-grandfather Florin Herbert Curtis) and his wife Winifred Elizabeth “Bessie” Mullins, who was the daughter of John and Martha.  It was obviously taken in their living room and two portraits are visible:


Bessie Mullins & Guy H. Curtis, courtesy of Michael Curtis

The obvious thing is the same portrait of Martha Jane Hammond on the wall.  Less obvious is that the full version of the portrait (with John Mullins) is barely visible behind the chair of Guy H. Curtis.  One can recognize the same hat and face, etc, from the wedding portrait.



To me it makes sense that Bessie would have portraits of her parents in her home, so it cemented my view that the original portrait must be Martha Jane Hammond taken about the time of her wedding to John Mullins c1871.

Immigrant Ancestors from England

A look at some of the branches of my family I’ve traced back to England, and the original immigrant ancestors from those lines.


Jonathan Fairbanks arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1633 from Yorkshire, England before settling in Dedham, Massachusetts.  The weird thing about the Fairbanks family is that they touch mine via marriage of Jane Fairbanks to Rev. William Duff, who lived in Halifax, Nova Scotia!

Jonathan Fairbanks (1595 – 1668)
George Fairbanks II (1619 – 1683) Son of Jonathan
Eliezur Fairbanks III (1655 – 1741) Son of George
Cap. Eleasur Fairbanks IV (1690 – 1741) Son of Eliezur
Eleazer Fairbanks (1716 – 1760) Son of Cap. Eleasur
Rufus Fairbanks (1759 – 1842) Son of Eleazer
John Eleazer Fairbanks (1793 – 1860) Son of Rufus
Jane Elizabeth Fairbanks (1823 – 1871 Daughter of John Eleazer
Annie E. Prescott Duff (1847 – 1930) Daughter of Jane Elizabeth


Thomas Jones (1620 – 1671) arrived from Hampshire, England to Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1638.  His great-granddaughter Sarah Jones married Newton Ransom (1722-1796):

Sarah Jones (1724 – 1804)
Dr Luther Ransom (1758 – 1832) son of Sarah
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) daughter of Luther
Charles H Thomas (1821 – 1873) son of Sophia

William Jones came from England to Massachusetts, likely around 1640.  His descendant Mehitable Jones married Paul Dexter Pond (1760-1843):

William Jones (1589 – 1677)
Thomas Jones (1645 – 1679) son of William
Thomas Jones (1674 – 1729) son of Thomas
Aaron Jones (1713 – 1742) son of Thomas
Samuel Jones (1740 – 1786) son of Aaron
Mehetabel Jones (1765 – 1841) daughter of Samuel
Samuel Pond (1790 – 1865) son of Mehetabel
Louisa “Lois” Adams Pond (1823 – 1896) daughter of Samuel


Richard Knight (1603-1683) arrived in Newbury, Massachusetts in April, 1635 aboard the ship “James” with another of my ancestors, Anthony Morse.  His daughter Elizabeth Knight married Anthony Morse (1631-1677):

Deacon Richard Knight Sr. (1603 – 1683)
Elizabeth Knight (1639 – 1667) Daughter of Deacon Richard
Ens. Anthony Morse (1662 – 1710) Son of Elizabeth
Elizabeth Morse (1697 – 1762) Daughter of Ens. Anthony
Nathaniel Morse (1728 – 1781) Son of Elizabeth
David Morse (1756 – 1840) Son of Nathaniel
Sally Maria “Mariah” Morse (1805 – 1890) Daughter of David
Louisa “Lois” A. Pond (1823 – 1896) Daughter of Sally Maria “Mariah”


Samuel Lathrop came to Plymouth from Egerton, Kent, England in 1634.  His descendant Sarah Lathrop Adams (1765-1857) married David Morse (1756 – 1840) thus combining two Pilgrim lines:

Samuel Lathrop Lothrop (1623 – 1700)
Israel Lathrop Lothrop (1659 – 1733) Son of Samuel
Samuel Lathrop (1692 – 1753) Son of Israel
Capt Elisha Lathrop (1713 – 1787) Son of Samuel
Sarah Lathrop (1765 – 1857) Daughter of Capt Elisha
Sally Maria “Mariah” Morse (1805 – 1890) Daughter of Sarah
Louisa “Lois” A. Pond (1823 – 1896) Daughter of Sally Maria “Mariah”


Anthony Morse came from Marlborough, Wiltshire, England, and settled in Newbury, Massachusetts in 1635. Apparently Anthony testified at his sister-in-law’s trial where she was accused of being a witch!  His descendant Sally Maria Morse married Samuel Pond (1790-1865):

Anthony Morse Sr. (1606 – 1686)
Deacon Benjamin Morse (1641 – 1707) Son of Anthony
Deacon William Morse (1673 – 1749) Son of Deacon Benjamin
Daniel Morse Sr. (1697 – 1766) Son of Deacon William
Nathaniel Morse (1728 – 1781) Son of Daniel
David Morse (1756 – 1840) Son of Nathaniel
Sally Maria “Mariah” Morse (1805 – 1890) Daughter of David
Louisa “Lois” A. Pond (1823 – 1896) Daughter of Sally Maria “Mariah”


George Polley (1625 – 1683) came to Woburn, Massachusetts before 1649 from Shoreditch, Middlesex, England.  His grand-daughter Mary Polley married Thomas Jones (1681-1729):

George Polley (1625 – 1683)
George Polley (1656 – 1698) Son of George
Mary Polley (1682 – 1729) Daughter of George
Sarah Jones (1724 – 1804) Daughter of Mary
Dr Luther Ransom (1758 – 1832) Son of Sarah
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) Daughter of Dr Luther
Charles H. L. Thomas (1821 – 1873) Son of Sophia


Daniel Pond arrived in Dedham, Massachusetts from Edwardston, England in 1630.  His descendant Lois Pond married Charles H. Thomas.

Daniel Pond (1627 – 1697)
Ephraim Pond (1656 – 1704) Son of Daniel
Samuel Pond (1729 – 1806) Son of Ephraim
Paul D Pond (1760 – 1843) Son of Samuel
Samuel Pond (1791 – 1866) Son of Paul D
Louisa “Lois” A. Pond (1823 – 1896) Daughter of Samuel


Robert Ransom arrived in Massachusetts from England in 1654.  His descendant Sophia Ransom was the mother of Charles H.L. Thomas

Robert Ransom (1637 – 1697)
Joshua Ransom (1665 – 1713) Son of Robert
Robert Ransom (1687 – 1777) Son of Joshua
Newton Ransom (1722 – 1796) Son of Robert
Dr Luther Ransom (1758 – 1832) Son of Newton
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) Daughter of Dr Luther
Charles H. L. Thomas (1821 – 1873) Son of Sophia


Richard Smith (1596-1666), came to the US from Gloucestershire, England and settled in Rhode Island in the 1630’s.  He established a trading post on the western side of the Narragansett Bay at a place called Cocumscussoc, later to become the village of Wickford in modern-day North Kingstown, Rhode Island.  His daughter Joan Smith married Thomas Newton (1630-1683):

Richard Smith (1596 – 1666)
Joan Smith (1627 – 1664) daughter of Richard
Capt James Newton (1654 – 1739) son of Joan
Alice Newton (1686 – 1779) daughter of Capt James
Newton Ransom (1722 – 1796) son of Alice
Dr Luther Ransom (1758 – 1832) son of Newton
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) daughter of Dr Luther
Charles H Thomas (1821 – 1873) son of Sophia


Nancy Taylor, born about 1784, was born in London, England according to her son Seneca Folsom’s death record.  She married Gordon Folsom (1788-1813) on 27 Jan 1806 in Rome, Kennebec, Maine.  She died about 1835 in Monmouth, Kennebec, Maine.  She is one of the only English direct ancestors I have that didn’t arrive at the time of the Pilgrims.

Nancy Taylor (1784 – 1835)
Charles Taylor Folsom (1808 – 1886) son of Nancy Taylor
Lucy Gilman Folsom (1835 – 1916) daughter of Charles Taylor Folsom
Helen Maria Nason (1863 – 1912) daughter of Lucy Gilman Folsom


Simon Wolcott arrived in Dorchester, Massachusetts with his parents Henry Wolcott (1579 – 1655) and Elizabeth Saunders (1584 – 1655) at the age of six from Tolland, England.  His descendant Theodosia Wolcott married Dr. Luther Ransom:

Simon Wolcott (1624 – 1687)
Henry Wolcott (1670 – 1747) Son of Simon
Thomas Wolcott Sr (1702 – 1762) Son of Henry
Luke Wolcott (1730 – 1762) Son of Thomas
Theodosia Wolcott (1762 – 1825) Daughter of Luke
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) Daughter of Theodosia
Charles H. L. Thomas (1821 – 1873) Son of Sophia


The Hammond Family of Donegal, Ireland

My 3x great-grandmother Martha Jane Hammond was born just outside the city of Donegal in County Donegal, Ireland.  This updated document will outline new information about her family that has been obtained from Irish civil and church records, and other sources.

Alexander Hammond and Margaret Lenox

Alexander Hammond and his wife Margaret Lenox, my 6x great-grandparents were likely born near Donegal in the late 1760’s.  They were married in Drumhome, Donegal, Ireland on 20 Jul 1792.  Alexander’s father was listed as Andrew Hammond, and Margaret’s father was listed as Daniel Lenox.  Andrew was from Ballydermot and his wife from Tullyleague, according to their marriage record.

Alexander and Margaret had the following children, all born in Drumhome, Donegal Ireland:

  1. Andrew Hammond (bap 1 May 1792 in Ballydermot).
  2. Alexander Hammond (bap 20 Aug 1794 in Lismintin).
  3. Andrew Hammond II (bap 9 Mar 1796 in Lismintan), married Elizabeth Graham, died 24 Feb 1871 in Agadowey, Drumholm, Donegal, Ireland at the age of 74.
  4. Richard Hammond (bap 5 Oct 1798 in Ballydermot).
  5. Robert Hammond (bap 5 Oct 1798 in Ballydermot).
  6. Timothy Hammond (bap 12 Dec 1802 in Ballydermot).

Francis Graham and Jane Pearson

Francis Graham and his wife Jane Pearson (also my 6x great grandparents) were married about 1790 in Drumhome, Donegal, Ireland.  Francis had been married before to Jane Griffith, with whom he had a daughter Mary Graham, born in 1783.

Francis Graham and Jane Pearson had the following children, all born in Dromore, Drumhome, Donegal Ireland:

  1. Elizabeth Graham I (bap 17 Jul 1791).
  2. Hannah Graham (bap 19 Oct 1792).
  3. Elizabeth Graham II (bap 12 Dec 1793).

Andrew Hammond and Elizabeth Graham

Andrew Hammond II and Elizabeth Graham were my 5x great-grandparents.  Andrew Hammond II was born in Mar, 1796 in Ballydermot, Drumhome, Donegal, Ireland and baptized there on 1 May 1792.  He married Elizabeth Graham, daughter of Francis Graham and his wife Jane Pearson on 20 Sept 1814 in Donegal Parish of Donegal County.  Elizabeth was listed as being from Drumholm and Andrew from Donegal.

Andrew and Elizabeth had six known children who were born in the parish of Finnabanes in County Donegal except Andrew who seems to have been born while visiting Elizabeth’s family in Drumholm:

  1. John Hammond (born 15 Jun 1816), married Jane Bustard and Margaret Miller, died 15 Mar 1895 in Glencoagh, Mountcharles, Donegal, Ireland at the age of 78.
  2. Edward Hammond (b 26 Oct 1818).
  3. Jane Hammond (b 18 Mar 1822, married George Hanna, died 4 Dec 1891 in Ballintra, Donegal, Ireland).
  4. Mary Ann Hammond (b 23 Aug 1826).
  5. Andrew Hammond (b 24 Apr 1828 in parish Dromore, married Margaret Bustard, died 7 Jun 1903 in Finnabanes).
  6. William Hammond (b 7 Jul 1829, married Martha Jane Kealty, died abt 1880 in Brooklyn, Iowa).

John and Ann Bustard

John and Ann Bustard were my 5x great-grandparents.  They were married about 1819 in County Donegal, Ireland (likely in Clarcam).  They had the following children in Clarcam, Donegal, Ireland:

  1. William Bustard (b 6 Apr 1820).
  2. Jane Bustard (b 27 Jul 1823).
  3. Isabella Bustard (b 11 Nov 1825).
  4. John Bustard (bap 11 Nov 1832).

John Hammond and Jane Bustard

John Hammond and Jane Bustard were my 4x great-grandparents.  John Hammond was born 15 Jun 1816 in Finnabanes, and was baptized 16 Jun 1816 in the same place.  Jane Bustard was born 27 Jul 1823 in Clarcam, Donegal, Ireland and was baptized there on 29 Jul 1823.  They were married on 29 Dec 1841 in Donegal.  John’s brother William was listed as one of the witnesses. The children of John Hammond and Jane Bustard were all born in County Donegal, Ireland:

1) Anna “Ann” Hammond was born 1 Nov 1843 in Finnabanes.  She married Richard King on 17 Aug 1871 in Grinnell, Iowa, and they had at least four children.  Ann died 26 Oct 1925 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

2) Elizabeth “Betty” Hammond was born 5 Nov 1845 in Drummenny and died 5 Oct 1932, likely in Cheyenne, Wyoming where she had been working as a housekeeper.  She is not believed to have married or had any children.

3) Martha Jane Hammond was born 22 Jun 1848 in Drummenny.  She married John Mullins on 18 May 1871 in Marengo, Iowa.  They had five children.  Martha died 2 Dec 1930 in Grinnell, Iowa due to heart disease.


Martha Jane Hammond and unknown daughter, courtesy of Michael Curtis.

4) Mary Hammond was born 18 Mar 1851 in Finnabanes.  She married Albert Hickman on 15 Apr 1879 in Iowa County, Iowa.  They had two children.  She died 8 Sept 1914 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

5) Andrew J Hammond was born 1 Dec 1853 in Finnabanes.  He married Mary Magdelein Pilgrim on 16 Sept 1878 at Union, Iowa.  They had three daughters.  He died 30 Sept 1903 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.


Andrew Hammond and family.

6) Margaret Hammond I was born 24 Jun 1856 in Finnabanes.  She likely died at or shortly after birth.

7) Margaret “Maggie” Hammond II was born 10 Oct 1858 in Finnabanes.  She married James B. Johnson about 1879.  They had a daughter Lorenia M “Lola” Johnson (1880-1954) .  Maggie then married Adam Dunlap in 1897 in Grinnell, Iowa.  They had a son, Leroy Daniel “Roy” Dunlap (1900-1963).  Maggie died 10 Nov 1931 in Harvey, Illinois.

8) Catherine “Kate” Hammond was born about 1862, likely in Finnabanes.  So far her birth record has not been located.  She married Dock D Harr on 6 Jun 1882 in Hampton, Iowa, and they had at least one daughter, Cecile I Harr (1833-1958).  Kate died 26 Jul 1934 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

On 26 Dec 1864, John married his second wife, Margaret Miller, daughter of Robert Miller, who was 27 years younger than him (he was 48, she was 21).  They had thirteen more children in County Donegal:

  1. William John Hammond (b 30 Nov 1865 in Lacrum).
  2. Robert Hammond (b 15 Jan 1867 in Lacrum).
  3. Matthew Hammmond (b 4 May 1868 in Lacrum).
  4. George Hammond (b 28 Jul in Lacrum).
  5. Fannie Hammond (b 20 Nov 1870 in Lacrum).
  6. Elizabeth Isabella Hammond (b 21 Jun 1872 in Lacrum).
  7. Francis Hammond (b 14 Oct 1873 in Altilow).
  8. Edward John Hammond (b 25 Apr 1875 in Altilow).
  9. Martha Hammond (b 25 Nov 1877 in Altilow).
  10. Alexander Hammond (b 20 Jun 1879 in Altilow).
  11. Ella J Hammond (b 28 May 1881 in Altilow, baptized as Rebecca).
  12. Matthew John Hammond (b 28 Nov 1883 in Altilow, baptized as John).
  13. Rebecca Hammond (b 27 Feb 1887 in Altilow).

John died 15 Mar 1891 in Glencoagh Mountcharles, Donegal, Ireland.  His occupation was listed as “weaver”.  His second wife Margaret Miller died in West Fork, Iowa on 4 Mar 1909.

John Mullins and Martha Jane Hammond

John Mullins and Martha Jane Hammond were my 3x great-grandparents.

John was born in Ireland (perhaps in Dublin) on 25 Mar 1844 (per his gravestone), and came to America before the Civil War.  He worked as a blacksmith in Buffalo, Erie, New York, and enlisted in the Union Army there in August 1863 as part of Company E of the 14th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment.  He was described as having blue eyes, light hair, fair compexion and as being 5’6″ in height.


John Mullins (1844-1894)

John was mustered out of the Union Army on 26 Aug 1865 in Washington D.C. and went to work in Marengo, Iowa as a blacksmith.  He is in the 1870 Census there working as one of four blacksmiths on the ranch of Thomas Crew, a stock (cattle) dealer.

He married Martha Jane Hammond on 18 May 1871 in Marengo, and they had the following children:

  1. William Richard Mullins (b 27 May 1872 in Marengo).
  2. Jessiman May “Jessie” Mullins (b 8 Feb 1874 in Marengo).
  3. Agnes Mullins (b 2 Jul 1876 in Marengo).
  4. Elizabeth Winifred “Bessie” Mullins (b 28 Apr 1878 in Marengo).
  5. Edith Edna Mullins (b 30 Jul 1881 in Grinnell).

John Mullins died of paralysis on 31 Jan 1894 in Grinnell, Iowa.  His wife Martha Jane Hammond died of heart disease on 2 Dec 1930, also in Grinnell.

Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt – (1832-1912)

It had been a while since I checked Ancestry’s DNA page for matches, and a new match had popped up for my mother.  This person’s tree showed the family name “Schmidt”, and showed an “Emily Schmidt” who lived in Minnesota.  This was not someone in my family tree.  I did some digging around and found that her parents were Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt and his wife Sophie Pauline Haberman.  On one or two trees they were listed as being from Mecklenberg, Germany, which was not anywhere near where my family was from.  People are often wrong about origins in Prussia, however, so I decided to dig deeper and see if they could have come from the same region as my Schmidt family did.

On the Poznan Project website, I was able to find the marriage record for Wilhelm Schmidt and Sophie Haberman, and it confirmed my suspicions that they were from the same town as my family:


Schönlanke 18/1864. Courtesy of the Poznan Project.

In Carolina, 18 Sept 1864, the marriage of the journeyman carpenter Wilhelm Schmidt, unmarried, from Carolina, age 32, son of the deceased farm-owner(?) Christian Ludwig Schmidt and Miss Sophie Habermann, age 24, daughter of the Kolonist Christoph Habermann, her mother gave permission for the marriage.  Marriage bans published on August 28, Sept 4, Sept 11.  Recorded in Schönlanke.

So, the groom, Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt, was the brother of Carl Friedrich Schmidt, my 3x-great-grandfather, and he lived in the town of Karolina (Rychlik, Poland today) in the Posen province of Prussia at the same time my Schmidt family did.


Map showing Schönlanke, Karolina, Gornitz, and Stieglitz.

Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt was born 23 Nov 1832.  He was likely the eldest son of Johann Christian Ludwig Schmidt and his, as yet, unknown wife.  Wilhelm was married, as we saw above, in the town of Karolina in Posen, Prussia, and he and his wife had two children in Prussia: a daughter Ottilie Auguste Schmidt, born in Jun 1866, and a second daughter Auguste Schmidt born the next year on 28 Oct 1867.  Wilhelm’s wife Sophie was 8 months pregnant when they undertook the voyage to America, leaving the port of Hamburg, Germany in early April 1869 aboard the Norddeutscher Lloyd Line steamship “SS America”, and arriving in New York harbor on 16 Apr 1869.


SS America

Wilhelm, Sophie, and their two daughter are shown on the New York passenger list.  Wilhelm is listed as a “Carpenter”, the same as his marriage record, and from the town of “Carolina”, which was an accepted alternate spelling of the town.


Passenger list for SS America, 1869

The family settled in Newton Township in Marquette County, Wisconsin, where, a little over five weeks after arriving in America, Sophie gave birth to a son, Friedrich Richard Schmidt, on 25 May 1869.  Other children followed in the next 11 years.  Wilhelm, Sophie and eight children (Ottilie, Auguste, Richard, Alvine, Amelie, Hulda, Ida, and Bertha) are enumerated in the 1880 census for Newton where Wilhelm is listed as a farmer, not as a carpenter.


1880 Census for Newton, Marquette, Wisconsin.

In the 1900 Census Sophie says she is the mother of ten children, seven of which are living, but in the 1910 Census she says she is the mother of nine children, three of which are living.  She seems to have not counted her son Rudolph Schmidt (who lived only two months) in the second census.  Her children were:

Ottilie Auguste Schmidt, born 19 Jun 1866 in Karolina, Prussia, married Theodore Friedrich Stroschein, had at least six children, and died 18 Nov 1904 in Wood Lake, Minnesota.

Auguste Amelie Schmidt, born 28 Oct 1867 in Karolina, Prussia.  She was on the ship with her parents for the trip to America, and in the 1880 Census.  She married Adolphus William Williams (1860-1947), a railroad freight clerk, in Butte, Montana on 14 May 1898.  They never had any children.  She and Adolpus moved to San Diego, California and from there to Los Angeles, where Adolph worked as a warehouse manager.  She died in Los Angeles on 1 Dec 1957.

Friedrich Richard Schmidt, born 25 May 1869, just after the family’s arrival in the US.  Married 1st Wilhelmine Marquardt, then Bertha Marie Friedricke Krause, and had at least nine children between the two wives.  He died 12 Oct 1948 in Wood Lake, Minnesota.


Friedrich Richard Schmidt

Alvine Sophie Schmidt, born 8 Jan 1873.  Married George W. Sharp, and had at least four daughters with him.  Moved with her husband and children to Ludington, Michigan where she died on 15 May 1966.

Amalie Bertha Schmidt, born 27 Oct 1874.  Married Hermann Abraham, and had at least three children with him.  She died 19 Oct 1902 in Wood Lake, Minnesota at the age of 27.

Rudolph Schmidt, born 28 Jan 1875 and died 1 Apr 1875 in Newton, Marquette Wisconsin.


Amalie & Alvine Schmidt c1895

Hulda Emma Schmidt, born 15 Jun 1876.  She is in the 1880 Census with the family.  She died in Wood Lake, Minnesota on 21 Jan 1898 at the age of 21.

Ida Olga Schmidt, born 18 Apr 1878.  She is in the 1880 and 1900 Census with the family.  She married Dan McGuire and had two children with him.  She died in Crookston, Minnesota on 3 Oct 1907.  Her children went to live with the family of her sister Auguste in California after her death.

Bertha Olga Aurora Schmidt, born 8 Dec 1879 in Newton, Marquette, Wisconsin.  She married Theodore Abraham in Wood Lake, Minnesota, and died in that same town on 14 Dec 1904 at the age of 25.  They had no children.

Wilhelm Emil Schmidt, born 7 Dec 1883 and died shortly afterward on 30 Mar 1885.

In the 1900 Census, the family had moved to Wood Lake in Yellow Medicine County, Minnesota, where (mostly) they would remain.  Wilhelm is again listed as a farmer, and it is just himself, Sophie, and children Richard and Ida living with them.  In the 1910 Census for Wood Lake, Wilhelm seems to be retired.  He is living on his “own income”.  Only Sophie is listed with him, and they are said to have only three living children.  Those would have been Alvine, Richard, and Auguste.

Wilhelm died on 17 Feb 1912 in Wood Lake at the age of 79.  Sophie died only a couple weeks later on 7 Apr 1912.  Both are buried at Saint John’s Evangelical Lutheran Cemetery in Wood Lake, Minnesota.


Schmidt Family Gravestone, Saint John’s Evangelical Lutheran Cemetery


The Lost Kamrath Sibling – Hermann Kamrath (1859-1909)

My cousin Lisa and I have been working together on the Krueger side of our family for many years. Since the beginning of our work, she had told me about rumors of relatives left back in Germany when our family came here from Prussia. [German-speaking Prussians were evicted from their lands after World War II and forced to relocate back in Germany.] Lisa said that her great-grandmother Agnes Krueger had been in contact with these relatives until the 1960’s. It was said that in the aftermath of World War II, when times were desperate in Germany, Agnes had sent “care packages” containing coffee and sugar, along with other difficult-to-obtain items. There was also a cousin of some kind from these German relatives named Brigitte Grubba (b 1935) who came and stayed with them, although neither Lisa nor her mother knew how Brigitte was related.

Recently Lisa’s grandmother, an incomparable women named Loris Voigt Dustin, passed away at the ripe old age of 97. In the process of going through her grandmother’s papers, Lisa found a note written by Agnes Krueger:

Agnes Krueger note.

Agnes Krueger’s note on the Kamrath Family.

“Hermon [sic] Kamrath, Germany, has one son Paul Kamrath and he has two sons one Peter & Hermon one daughter Elsa & Briggett (Brigitte Grubba) is from second marriage of son of Hermon’s who was killed in World War 1.”

With this information we went to work, and after many months I can present what we have learned about “Hermann” Kamrath, the lost brother of my great-great-grandmother, Bertha Kamrath.

Otto Julius Hermann Kamrath was born on 9 Jul 1859 in the tiny town of Hoffelde, in Kreis [County] Regenwalde, in Pommern [Pomerania], Prussia. The town is called Dargomyśl, Poland today. Hermann was the second child and first son of Carl Friedrich Ferdinand Kamrath (1831-1900) and his first wife Wilhelmine Sophie Henriette “Henriette” Pribbernow (1834-1865). Carl was a “Stellmacher” [wagon-maker or wheelwright] who had married Henriette in the town of Plathe in 1857. After their marriage, the couple moved about 14 miles south to the town of Hoffelde in Kries Regenwalde near the town of Meesow, which was Henriette’s home town. The couple’s three known children were born there, including Auguste V. Kamrath, and my great-great-grandmother, Bertha Auguste Wilhelmine Kamrath, who was born 3 Aug 1864.

Roggow and Meesow

Roggow A and Meesow. Hoffelde was about a half mile east of Roggow.

Sometime between August 1864 and September 1865, Henriette died in Hoffelde. It’s possible there were complications with her delivery of daughter Bertha. Carl quickly remarried to his second wife Auguste Henriette Sense (1841-1892), and they had five more children together in Hoffelde: Helene Johanna Kamrath (b 29 Jul 1866), Anne T. Kamrath (b 12 Aug 1868), Emma A Kamrath (b 5 Aug 1870), Carl Kamrath Jr. (b 23 Jan 1875), and finally Mathilda Ida Augusta “Ida” Kamrath (b 5 May 1878).

Top: Auguste, Hermann, Bertha (l to r). Bottom: Helene, Emma, Ida (l to r).

Top: Auguste, Hermann, Bertha (l to r). Bottom: Helene, Emma, Ida (l to r).

Like all Prussian men, Hermann was required to be in the military. There is a document which suggests that at the age of 18 (in 1877) he enlisted and served as a “gefreiter” [Corporal] in the province of Ostpreussen (East-Prussia) in the 7th Ostpreussen Infantry Regiment Nr. 44. This would have taken him far from home, about 200 miles east of the family home in Pomerania.

Hermann Kamrath Military Service, 1877

Hermann Kamrath Military Service, 1877

Infanterie-Regiment Graf Dönhoff (7. Ostpreußisches) Nr.44. Courtesy of Wikipedia.

Infanterie-Regiment Graf Dönhoff (7. Ostpreußisches) Nr.44. Courtesy of Wikipedia.

While there, it seems he met a Polish, catholic, farmer’s daughter named Helene Zielinski. Hermann, like his entire family, was Lutheran (evangelical), and culturally German. Helene was born on 9 Nov 1863 in the town of Barlewitz, Kreis Stuhm on the border between the provinces of Westpreussen and Ostpresussen. It is called Barlewice, Poland today. Her father, Johann Zielinski, was an eigenthümer [farm-owner]. She would have been about 14 and Hermann about 18 when they met. From what I can tell, Hermann’s regiment was stationed in the town of Graudenz, about 36 miles south of Barlewitz.

Something substantial must have occurred between them, and evidence would suggest that Hermann and Helene stayed in touch for several years even after Hermann returned back home from his deployment in Ostpreussen. At some point Hermann settled in Berlin, Germany where he found work as a “portier” [doorman]. It almost certainly would have caused great tension in the two families if their relationship were known since the Germans and the Polish generally did not get along at all, and evangelicals almost never inter-married with catholics. But with Hermann in Berlin and his family still in Pomerania, perhaps a long-distance relationship of some kind could thrive.

In May of 1883, Hermann’s half-sisters Anne and Helene boarded the ship “Bohemia” in Hamburg, Germany and went to America. Around the same time, his full-sister Auguste went to America also, meeting and marrying a Bavarian man named Simon Wimmer in the town of Grand Rapids, Wisconsin on 4 Jun 1883. Things must have gone well for the other two sisters in Wisconsin, because two years later in May of 1885 everyone else in Hermann’s family [father, step-mother, sister Bertha, and three half-siblings] boarded the “Hammonia” and went to Wausau, Wisconsin, settling in on a farm in the Town of Maine in Marathon County.

Kamrath Family on the

Kamrath Family on the “SS Hammonia”, departure from Hamburg.

At some point before 1885, Helene Zielinski left her family home in Baumgarth, Kreis Stuhm and came west to Berlin to live with Hermann. At that time Berlin was a city of 1.3 million people, and it was possible to be essentially anonymous there, especially compared to the rural Prussian countryside where Hermann and Helene had both grown up.

Although their relationship would probably have, as stated before, caused problems with their families, they suddenly found themselves in a situation where Hermann’s entire family was in America, Helene’s mother was 200 miles away, and her father had passed away. That being the case, the couple were married in Berlin on 10 Oct 1885, only a couple months after Hermann’s family sailed for America.

Kamrath / Zielinski Marriage 1885

Kamrath / Zielinski Marriage 1885

No. 622, Berlin, the 10th of October 1884, before the registrar came the “Portier” (doorman) Otto Hermann Julius Kamrath, evangelical religion, identified by the marriage banns register, born the 9th of July 1859 in Hoffelde, Kreis Regenwalde, resident of Berlin, Steglitzer Straße No. 5 and 6, son of the “Stellmacher” Carl Kamrath, who emigrated to America and is currently residing in state of Wisconsin, and his deceased wife Henriette née Pribbernow from his first marriage, last resident in Hoffelde, and Helene Zielinski, “früher in Diensten” – previous to be in service, identified in the same way, the fiancé did, catholic religion, born in November, 9th, 1863 in Barlewitz, Kreis Stuhm, WestPreussen, resident of Berlin, Steglitzer Straße No. 5 and 6, daughter of the “Eigenthümer” (farm-owner) Johann Zielinski, who died in Christburg, (Kreis Stuhm) Westpreussen, and his wife Helene née Ehlert residents of Baumgarth in Kreis Stuhm. Witnessed by the “Schneidermeister” (master tailor) Johann Kunde, identified by his military pass, 35 years old, resident of Berlin, Genthiner Straße Nr. 39 (Berlin-Tiergarten) , “Tischler” (cabinet-maker) Ferdinand Wurmmehl, 32 years old, identified also by his military pass, resident of Berlin, Schwerinstraße Nr. 6.

This photo of Hermann was probably taken about the time of his marriage at a photo studio just down the street from his home on Schwerinstraße. He appears to be wearing his portier’s uniform in it:

Hermann Kamrath c1885

Hermann Kamrath c1885

Helene must have become pregnant almost immediately, and their first child, Else Helene Frida Kamrath was born on 11 Jun 1886. Hermann and Helene had moved to Schwerinstraße 11 in Schöneberg [at that time a town just outside of Berlin, but a part of Berlin itself today]. Three more children followed: Paul Hermann August Kamrath was born 19 Nov 1887 and died less than two months later on 2 Jan 1888, Helene Franziska Auguste Kamrath was born on 25 Nov 1888 and died a little over a year later on 16 Mar 1890, and then finally a son named Franz Hermann Paul “Paul” Kamrath was born in Schöneberg on 8 Jan 1891. Hermann and Helene had moved to Nollendorfstraße 2 by this point.

Hermann appears many times in the Berlin City directory over the years. I’ll list the entries here:

1896 – H. Kamrath, Fensterputzer (window-washer), W Gleditschstraße 28 H III
1897 – H. Kamrath, Fensterputzer (window-washer), W Gleditschstraße 28
1898 – H. Kamrath, Fensterputzer (window-washer), W Gleditschstraße 28
1901 to 1904 – Hermann Kamrath, Fensterputzer (window washer) W Goltzstraße 9
1905 & 1906 – Hermann Kamrath, Fensterputzer (window washer) W30 Kyffhuäuserstraße 10
1907 to 1909 – Hermann Kamrath, Wächter (guard), W30 Kyffhuäuserstraße 10

Sadly, in 1909 Hermann died at the Viktoria Krankenhaus (hospital) at the age of 49.

Hermann Kamrath Death, 1909

Hermann Kamrath Death, 1909

Nr. 903. Schöneberg, 1 Jun 1909. It is reported that the “Wächter” (watchman or guard) Otto Hermann Julius Kamrath, 49 years old, evangelical religion, resident of Schöneberg Kyffhäuserstraße 10, born in Hoffelde, Kreis Regenwalde, married in Schöneberge to Helene née Zielinski, son of “Stellmacher” Karl Kamrath and his wife Henriette née Pribbernow, both deceased, last resident in America, died 29 May 1909 in Viktoria-Krankenhaus (hospital) in Schöneberg.

No cause of death was given, unfortunately, nor was a place of burial specified.

Viktoria Krankenhaus, Schöneberg

Viktoria Krankenhaus, Schöneberg

A subtle point here – Hermann knew his father had passed away in America, which proves that he was still in touch with the family despite the vast distances that separated them. It’s almost painful to think about all those letters in German going back and forth and how valuable they would be today in terms of knowing these people.

Hermann’s wife Helene was listed in the 1910 Berlin Directory as a “Portierfrau” (doorman’s wife) still living at Kyffhuäuserstraße 10, but for the next few years only their daughter Else is listed in the directory. I suspect that Helene moved in with Else after Hermann’s death, as the two women are listed more or less alternately after 1915 at the same address in Wilmersdorf, another town near Berlin which would eventually become part of Berlin. Both of them had become “Modistin” or milliners [makers of women’s hats]. I’ll list the directory entries here for completeness:

1911 – Helene Kamrath, Bw. Portierfrau (doorman’s wife), W30 Kyffhuäuserstraße 10
1912 – Else Kamrath (Miss), Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdf. Badensche Straße 33 III
1913 – Else Kamrath, Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdorf, Badensche Straße 33 Gh III
1914 – Else Kamrath, Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdorf, Wilhelmsane Nr 131 Gh IV
1915 – Else Kamrath, Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdorf, Wilhelmsane Nr. 131, Gh. IV
1916 – Helene, Bw. Wilmersdorf, Livländiche Straße 4
1917 – Else Kamrath, Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 4H
1918 – Helene, Bw. Wilmersdorf, Livländiche Straße 4
1919 – Else Kamrath, Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 4 Gh. I
1920 – Else Kamrath, Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 4
1921 – Else Kamrath, Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 4
1922 – Helene Kamrath, Modistin (milliner), Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 4
1923 – Else Kamrath, Schneiderin (tailor), Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 4 GH IV
1925 – Helene Kamrath, Bw, Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 4
1926 – Else Kamrath, Schneiderin (tailor), Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße
1927 – Helene Kamrath née Zielinski, Bw, Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 4 Gh. IV
1928 – Helene Kamrath née Zielinski, Bw, Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 20 Gh. IV
1929 – Helene Kamrath née Zielinski, Bw, Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 20 Gh. IV
1930 – Helene Kamrath née Zielinski, Bw, Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 20 Gh. IV
1931 – Helene Kamrath née Zielinski, Bw, Wilmersdorf, Livländische Straße 20 Gh. IV

Helene passed away from Arteriosclerosis, influenza, and heart failure on 16 Mar 1941 in Steglitz-Berlin:

Helene Zielinski Death, 1941

Helene Zielinski Death, 1941

Nr. 171. Berlin – Steglitz, the 18th of March 1941. The widow Helen Kamrath, née Zielinski, unemployed, catholic religion, resident in Berlin-Wilmersdorf at Livländische Strasse 20, died on 16 Mar 1940 at 2:45pm in Berlin-Steglitz, Süende District, Hanstedter Route 15. The deceased was born on 9 Nov 1863 in Barlewitz, Kreis Stuhm, daughter of Johann Zielinski, last resident in Christburg in Westpreussen, and Helene Zielinski née Ehlert, last resident in Berlin. The deceased was the widow of the Behördenangestellten (government employee), Otto Hermann Julius Kamrath. Entered on the verbal testimony of the daughter, the seamstress Else Kamrath, resident in Berlin-Wilmersdorf at Livländische Strasse 20. She was identified by her Handwerkskarte (trade membership card), and she explained that she learned of the death. 1) A word was crossed out. 2) A word was underlined. Signed and attested: Else Kamrath. The registrar in representation: Voigt. Cause of death: Arteriosclerosis, influenza, heart failure. ( Record of this death was made on the marriage certificate of the deceased on 10 Oct 1885 in Berlin. Registry Berlin III, Tiergarten, record 622/1885).

Hermann’s daughter Else Kamrath died on 9 Sept 1972 in the town of Kötzting in Bavaria, Germany.

Else Kamrath Death Notation,1972

Else Kamrath Death Notation,1972

Her death record lists three women, Margaret Grubba, Elisabeth Schreiber, and Charlotte Bürger.  I have been able to confirm that at least two of these women were daughters of Else Kamrath, despite the fact that she seems to have never married.

Margarete Helene Kamrath was born in Lankwitz-Berlin, Germany on 24 Apr 1906.  She married the “verwaltungsangestellte” (administrative staff person) Aloyis Franz Grubba in Wilmersdorf on 9 May 1930.  They had at least two children, Brigitte Marie Grubba (b 7 Dec 1935 in Wilmersdorf), and an unknown daughter born in 1940 also in Wilmersdorf.

Elisabeth Franziska Helene Kamrath was born 27 May 1909 in Schöneberg-Berlin, and married the “kaufmann” (merchant) Max Willy Schreiber on 27 Mar 1929 in Wilmersdorf.  She was listed as an editorial office secretary on her marriage record. They had at least two sons, one born in 1929 and one born in 1937.  I’m still trying to find out more about them.  Max Schreiber died 26 Feb 1962 in Kreuzberg, Berlin, Germany. Elisabeth was alive until at least 1979, still living at 33 HumboldStraße 22 in Berlin.

From 1933 to 1943 Else’s brother Paul Kamrath is listed in the directories as a Schlosser (locksmith) living at Holsteinische Straße 17.

Holsteinische Straße Wilmersdorf c1915

Holsteinische Straße Wilmersdorf c1915

Paul married Helene Nowotna in Wilmersdorf on 18 Dec 1930, and they had two sons, Hans Peter Paul “Peter” Kamrath  (b 25 Feb 1934) and Hermann (b 26 Oct 1930).  Hermann died in 1990 in Berlin, but Peter still lives there in an eldercare facility.  He is, unfortunately, not willing to discuss his family, so for now I don’t know if either Peter or Hermann had any children of their own.

Paul Kamrath died in Gatow-Berlin on 25 Feb 1963 at the Hohengatow State Hospital.  His wife Helene Nowotna died 18 Oct 1964.