Timeline for Schmidt and Winkelmann Families in Prussia

This document is an attempt to outline what we know about the families of my 3x-great-grandfather Carl Friedrich Schmidt (1835-1892) and his wife, Wilhelmine Winkelmann (1836-1914).  The families both seem to have roots in Kreis Friedeberg in Posen, Prussia, and then both seem to have moved to the area around Karolina in Kreis Czarnikau, some distance to the East.


Kreis Friedeberg showing Bergdorf, Modderpfuhl, Pehlitz, Weissfenn, and Driesen (near Alt-Beelitz).


Karolina, Gornitz, Stieglitz, & Schönlanke in Kreis Czarnikau/Netzekreis


abt 1805 – Unknown – Birth of Johann Christian Ludwig Schmidt.  Said to have been a “kolonist” or settler and farmer in the marriage document of his son Carl Friedrich Schmidt. Said to be an Eigenthümer (farm owner) on marriage record of son Ferdinand Schmidt. Said to be Einwohner (citizen) on marriage record of son Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt.

1808 – Bergdorf, Kreis Friedeberg – Birth of Christian Julius Winkelmann, per his death record.

29 Mar 1814 – Pehlitz, Kreis Friedeberg – Birth of Johanna Charlotte Börk.

23 Nov 1832 – Unknown – Birth of Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt to Johann Ludwig Schmidt and unknown mother, per WL Schmidt’s marriage record.

1835 – Unknown – Birth of Carl Friedrich Schmidt to Johann Ludwig Schmidt and unknown mother, per CF Schmidt’s marriage record.

abt 1835 – Likely Kreis Friedeberg – Marriage of Christian Julius Winkelmann and Johanna Charlotte Börk.

20 Dec 1836 – Bergdorf, Kreis Friedeberg – Birth of Wilhelmine Winkelmann to Christian Julius Winkelmann and Johanna Charlotte Börk.

1839 – Bergdorf, Kreis Friedeberg – Birth of Hannah Auguste Friedricke Winkelmann to Christian Julius Winkelmann and Johanna Charlotte Börk.

1841 – Bergdorf, Kreis Friedeberg – Birth of Carl Julius Winkelmann to Christian Julius Winkelmann and Johanna Charlotte Börk.

4 Jun 1843Alt-Beelitz, Kries Friedeberg – Birth of Christian Friedrich Winkelmann to Christian Julius Winkelmann and Johanna Charlotte Börk, per his death record.

1844 – Unknown – Birth of Ferdinand Schmidt to Johann Ludwig Schmidt and unknown mother, per F. Schmidt’s marriage record.

25 Sept 1847 – Bergdorf, Kreis Friedeberg- Birth of Franz Hermann Wilhelm Winkelmann to Christian Winkelmann and his wife Johanna Charlotte née Börk.

Dec 1850 – Bergdorf, Kreis Friedeberg – Birth of Antonie Francesca Ottilie Winkelmann to Christian Winkelmann and his wife Johanna Charlotte née Börk.

6 Apr 1855 – Bergdorf, Kreis Friedeberg- Birth of Marie Pauline Winkelmann to Christian Winkelmann and his wife Johanna Charlotte née Börk from Carolina, per her marriage record.

Sept 1859 – Modderpfuhl, Kreis Friedeberg – Carl Friedrich Schmidt is living here per his marriage record.

Sept 1859 – Karolina – Wilhelmine Winkelmann is living here per her marriage record.

3o Oct 1859 – Karolina – Marriage of Carl Friedrich Schmidt from Modderpfuhl, son of the deceased kolonist Johann Ludwig Schmidt, to Wilhelmine Winkelmann, daughter of the kolonist Christian Winkelmann from Karolina.

7 Aug 1862 – Weissfenn, Kries Friedeberg – Birth of Carl Ernst Wilhelm Schmidt to Carl Friedrich Schmidt and Wilhelmine Winkelmann.

14 Feb 1864 – Karolina – Marriage of Wilhelm Friedrich Prielipp resident of Karolina with Hanna Auguste Friedericke Winkelmann, daughter of the Kolonist Christian Winkelmann of Karolina.

18 Sept 1864 – Karolina – Marriage of the journeyman carpenter Wilhelm (Ludwig) Schmidt, from Karolina, age 32, son of the deceased farm-owner(?) Christian Ludwig Schmidt and Miss Sophie Habermann, age 24, daughter of the Kolonist Christoph Habermann.

10 Nov 1865 – Karolina – Birth of Alvine Bertha Schmidt to the “kolonist” Carl Friedrich Schmidt and Wilhelmine Winkelmann.

19 Jun 1866 – Karolina – Birth of Ottilie Auguste Schmidt to Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt and Sophie Pauline née Habermann.

28 Oct 1867 – Karolina – Birth of Auguste Amalie Schmidt to Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt and Sophie Pauline née Habermann.

18 Jan 1869 – Karolina – Birth of Amelie Franzisca Schmidt to Carl Friedrich Schmidt and Wilhelmine Winkelmann.

2 Apr 1869 -Karolina – Departure of Wilhelm Ludwig Schmidt for Wisconsin with wife and two daughters aboard the SS America.  Passenger list lists Karolina as last place of residence.

19 Feb 1871 – Stieglitz – Marriage of the bachelor Ludwig Gustav Neumann, age 22, and Antonie Winkelmann, age 20.

19 Mar 1871 – Stieglitz – Marriage of the bachelor journeyman carpenter Franz Winkelmann with Miss Bertha Ohst.

18 Aug 1872 – Karolina – Birth of Auguste Marie Winkelmann to the Kolonist Franz Winkelmann and Bertha Ohst.  Godparents were Emilie Ohst, Auguste Pontow, and Mrs. Auguste Elftmann.

31 Aug 1872 – Karolina – Birth of Antonie Wilhelmine Schmidt to the “kolonist” Friedrich Schmidt and Wilhelmine Winkelmann.  Godparents were Miss Pauline Winkelmann (aunt to Antonie, sister to Wilhelmine Winkelmann), Mrs. Wilhelmine Winkelmann née Dumke (aunt of Antonie, wife of Christian Friedrich Julius Winkelmann), and Gustav Elftmann.

24 Apr 1874 – Stieglitz – Marriage of the journeyman carpenter [Zimmergesell] and bachelor Ferdinand Schmidt, age 30, from Stieglitz, son of the deceased property-owner [Eigenthümer] Ludwig Schmidt from Stieglitz, and Miss Wilhelmine Dietert, 22 years old, from Stieglitz.

7 Aug 1874 – Karolina – Pauline Winkelmann is listed on the baptism of her nephew Gustav Eduard Winkelmann.

25 Nov 1875 – Gornitz – Birth of Auguste Pauline Schmidt to the “eigenthümer” Carl Friedrich Schmidt and Wilhelmine Winkelmann.

11 Jan 1880 – Gornitz – Birth of Auguste Bertha Schmidt to the “kolonist” Carl Friedrich Schmidt and Wilhelmine Winkelmann.

26 Jan 1880 – Karolina – Marriage between the “Tischler” [carpenter or  cabinet maker or joiner] Carl Ludwig Hermann Gonitz, and Marie Pauline Winkelmann, daughter of the Leibgedinger [laborer] Christian Winkelmann and his wife Johanna Charlotte née Börk from Karolina.

Jun 1885 – Gornitz – Departure of Carl Ernst Wilhelm Schmidt to Wisconsin, per his military passport.

22 Dec 1885 – Karolina – Death of Johanna Charlotte Börke.

14 Dec 1886 – Karolina – Death of Christian Julius Winkelmann.  The Kolonist [farmer] Michael Zadow resident of Carolina reports, that the Leibgedinger [laborer] Christian Winkelmann, 78 years old, of evangelical religion, resident of Carolina, born in an unknown location, laborer for the reporting person, died on 14 Dec 1886, at 1 p.m., in the domicile of the reporting person.  Signed, Michael Zadow.  According to the subsequent declaration of the Kolonist Michael Zadow from Carolina concerning the hearing from July 7th and 22nd 1888, the deceased laborer Christian Winkelmann was born in Bergthal (sic, Bergdorf), Kreis Friedeberg, and was married to the deceased Charlotte née Börke. The names of the laborer Christian Winkelmann’s parents’, their rank, status and where they lived, is unknown.

Mar 1891 – Stieglitz – Carl Friedrich Schmidt and Wilhelmine Winkelmann are said to be resident here per the marriage record of their daughter Emilie Schmidt.  C.F. Schmidt is listed as “Häusler” (Cottager).

Mar 1891 – Stieglitz – Ferdinand Schmidt said to be resident here per the marriage of their daughter Emilie Schmidt.  Listed as Händler (merchant).

28 Mar 1891 – Stieglitz – Marriage of the laborer (Arbeiter) Christian Karl, son of the laborer (Arbeiter) Daniel Karl and his wife Regine née Seeger, both residents of Klebow, and Emilie Franziska Schmidt, born the 18th of January 1869 in Karolina, Kreis Czarnikau, resident of Stieglitz, Kreis Czarnikau, daughter of merchant (Händler) Friedrich Schmidt and his wife Wilhelmine née Winkelmann, both residents of Stieglitz.  Witnesses: Merchant  Ferdinand Schmidt, 46 years old, resident of Stieglitz, and the laborer Gustav Wehrmann, 24 years old, resident of Stieglitz.

24 Jun 1891 – Stieglitz – Birth of Gustav Albert Karl and Wilhelm Friedrich Karl to Christian Karl and Emilie Schmidt.

5 Apr 1892 – Departure of the SS Aller with Amelie Schmidt and her husband Christian Karl and son Gustav Karl for Wisconsin.

11 Jul 1892 – Departure of SS Ems with Wilhelmine Winkelmann and her daughters Alvine and Bertha and grandson Wilhelm Karl for Wisconsin.

8 Mar 1902  – Schönlanke – The carpenter Gustav (Edouard) Winkelmann (son of the deceased), resident of Schönlanke, reported that the “Bauunternehmer” (building contractor)  (Christian Friedrich) Julius Winkelmann,  58 years old, resident in Schönlanke,  born in Alt-Beelitz  (near Driesen), married to Wilhelmine nèe Dumke, still resident here,  son of the deceased “Landwirt” (farmer) (Christian Julius) Winkelmann who lived in Karolina,  died in Schönlanke in his home on 8 Mar 1902, 7:45 p.m.


50th Wedding Anniversary of Horace and Anna Thomas – 3 Jul 1922

I found this wonderful article today about the 50th wedding anniversary of my great-great-grandparents Horace Luther Thomas and Anna Clifford.  The article is from the Burlington Free Press, 5 Jul 1922, page 9.


Winooski News – Mr. and Mrs. Horace L. Thomas Celebrate Their Golden Wedding

Mr. and Mrs. Horace L. Thomas of Main Street were pleasantly surprised at their home Monday evening by about fifty of their friends and relatives on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of their wedding. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas, who were married in this place July 3, 1872 by the late Rev. Mr. Ingalls of the Episcopal Church, of which Mr. and Mrs. Thomas are members. Seven children were born to them, five of whom are living: Mrs. W. E. McBride (Anna Thomas), Mrs. W. H. Howard (Emma Thomas), Mrs. G. C. McKenney (Nellie Thomas), all of this city, R. Erwin Thomas of Essex Junction, and Frederic C. Thomas of this city. There are also five grand-children. Mrs. Thomas before her marriage was Miss Anna Clifford. Mr. Thomas has for the last 38 years been connected with the Burlington Light & Power company, and is now superintendent of the works at the gorge. He was also a member of the Old Steamer Hose company and was connected with that company for a long terms (sic) of years. On Monday evening at the golden jubilee Mr. and Mrs. Thomas were presented with a substantial sum of money in gold. Lucinda Smith of Burlington catered. Among those present were the five sisters of Mrs. Thomas (Catherine Clifford, Sarah Clifford, Elizabeth Clifford, Margaret Clifford, and Nellie Clifford). Those from out of town here to attend the jubilee were: Mr. and Mrs. Frank Pierce (Lillian Stewart), Mrs. Edward Beardsley (Elizabeth Stewart), Mrs. Philip Start (Maggie Stewart), Mrs. Archie Stewart (Stella Cooney) and (her) daughter Marion (Marion Gertrude Stewart, who was 6 years old at the time), all of Rutland.

All the Stewarts were the children of Margaret McWhirter, Anna Clifford’s aunt, and so were all Anna’s first cousins.


Horace Luther Thomas & Anna Clifford


Margaret McWhirter Stewart, c1909

Portrait of William Duff Sr (1766 – 1836)

A cousin sent me this wonderful copy of a portrait that’s been in her family for many generations.  It’s said to be a portrait of William Duff Sr., who was my 4x great-grandfather.  I have written about William and his descendants previously: Meet the Duff Family of Perthshire, Scotland.

This painting shows William in what appears to be the uniform of a British Army footman c1790-1810, around the time of the Napoleonic Wars.

William Duff Sr.

William Duff Sr.

Another cousin from a branch of the family more closely-related to my own also has a copy of this portrait.  On the back it says, “William Duff of Berry Hill, Perthshire, Scottland”.  It is the same portrait as the first, but with more detail. In this one it looks like he might be standing on a ship.


Portrait of William Duff, courtesy of Sean and Ann Collins.

It feels almost like several copies must have been made by someone in the family who was artistically inclined and then given to various family members.

The copper “gorget”, seen at his collar is actually in the possession of my cousin Catherine Duff.  This is a photo she sent me of it:

Duff Gorget

Duff Gorget

It’s hard to make out the detail, but it’s a British Georgian crown over “GR” and laurel sprays.  Here’s a photo of a similar item showing more detail:


My cousin Catherine found this citation which lists a “Major William Duff” among the “26th British Regiment of Foot” from 14 Feb 1786 to March 1793.  Unfortunately, the “Book of the Duffs” shows this Major William Duff is not our ancestor.  Another cousin has verified that William of the 26th was not our Ancestor, but also found a mention of a William Duff who was a decommissioned officer of the Central Regiment of the Royal Perthshire Local Militia.  That is a possibility we will have to research.

The quest continues.

I’d love to find out more about this uniform and what it implies about William Duff’s service in the British military around 1800.  If anyone has more details, please feel free to contact me.

The Mullins and Hammond Families

My great-grandmother Edith Edna Curtis was born 31 Mar 1903 in Dubuque, Iowa and died 26 Mar 1989 in Wausau, Wisconsin.  She was the mother of my maternal grandfather, Lloyd O. Krueger, and the daughter of Florin Herbert “Bert” Curtis and Edna Edith Mullins.


Edith Edna Curtis in 1947

I’ll write about the Curtis family some other time because it’s the only family on my mother’s side that’s not made up of recent immigrants to the US.  In fact, some branches of the Curtis family go back to the Pilgrims like much of my father’s family does.  Everyone in the family considered Edith to be “an Irish gal”, even though she was really only half Irish. Edith’s mother, Edna E. Mullins (1881-1964) was the child of Irish immigrants, John Mullins and Mary Jane Hammond.

John Mullins was a blacksmith, said to have been born on 25 Mar 1844 in Ireland, and mostly likely coming to the US about 1862 around the age of 18.  So far nothing is known about his family or his history in Ireland, and it is often the case that Irish immigrants did not know their actual birth dates and picked one once they arrived in America that they used here.

On 14 Sept 1863 John Mullins enlisted as a private in Company E of the 14th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment in the Union Army.  I find this remarkable, because it’s not likely he had been in this country more than a handful of years.  He served nevertheless.


John Mullins US Army enlistment, 1863

John’s company was sent on detached service to Fort LaFayette in New York Harbor where they manned the heavy cannons protecting the harbor.


Ft. LaFayette, New York Harbor, 1863

Later, in March 1864 his company joined the Army of the Potomac on the front lines where it was assigned to the 5th corps, to which it was attached throughout the remainder of the war, most of the time assigned to Ayres’ (2nd) division.  According to the New York State Military Museum, “The regiment took part in the engagements of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, the North Anna, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, White Oak Swamp, the first assault on Petersburg, Weldon railroad, Poplar Grove Church, Hicksford raid, Hatcher’s run, and the Appomattox campaign, including actions at Five Forks, the fall of Petersburg, and Appomattox Court House. ”

John Mullins was promoted “by special orders” to the rank of Corporal on 16 Aug 1864, and mustered out after the war in Washington D.C. on 26 Aug 1865.  I don’t know when his regiment returned from Virginia to Washington D.C., so I don’t know if he was in the nation’s capitol when President Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865.


John Mullins (1844-1894)

Faded service stone near the grave of John Mullins: “John Mullins, Co. E 14th Reg. N.Y. Heavy Art.”

Edna Mullins’ mother was the afore-mentioned Martha J. Hammond.  You can learn a lot more about her in this story.  She was born on on 22 Jun 1848 in Drummenny, Donegal, Ireland, the third child of John Hammond and Jane Bustard.  Martha came from a rather extensive family, having seven full siblings and thirteen half-siblings.  She arrived in the US on 26 Sept 1866 aboard the “Caledonia” sailing from Glasgow, Scotland to New York City.  She was 17 years old and traveling with her 20-year-old sister Elizabeth “Betty” Hammond.

The Caledonia which brought the Hammond sisters to the US in 1866.

Martha is in the 1870 census for Marengo, Iowa living with her 11-year-old sister Margaret.  John is in the same Census working as a Blacksmith on the ranch of cattle dealer Thomas Crew.  The next year, on 18 May 1871, the two were married in Marengo.


John Mullins & Mary Jane Hammond, c1871.

Four children were born in Marengo, and my 2x-great-grandmother Edna Mullins was born after the family moved to Grinnell, Iowa about 1879.  The family can be found in the 1880 census for Grinnell.   John is again listed as a blacksmith.

John Mullins was only 49 years old when he died in Grinnell of “paralysis” on 29 Jun 1894.  He was buried in Hazelwood Cemetery.  Martha went to live with her daughter Bessie and her husband Guy H. Curtis where they can be found in the 1900, 1910, 1915, 1920, and 1930 census records.  Martha Hammond Mullins died in Grinnell of heart disease on 2 Dec 1930 at the age of 82.


Martha Jane Hammond c1920

Their daughter (my 2x-great-grandmother) Edna Mullins was born in Grinnell, Iowa on 30 July 1881.  She married Florin Herbert “Bert” Curtis on 31 Dec 1896 in Great Falls, Montana.  She lied about her age and said she was 16 on her marriage license, but really she was only 15 years old.  Bert was 21.


Curtis family, about 1900.

After a brief stint in Montana, they moved back to Iowa.  Bert and Edna had at least nine children, and likely ten, between 1898 and 1917.  Edna was a housewife, raising the kids, and Bert worked painting carriages.  Eventually they moved to Toledo, Iowa and Bert made the move from painting carriages to painting cars.  By 1946 Bert and Edna had moved to Dubuque.

Burt & Edna Curtis in 1944

Bert Curtis and Edna Mullins at their 50th wedding anniversary celebration. January 1, 1947.

Bert died of a heart attack on 4 Oct 1952 at the age of 77, and Edna died 27 May 1964 at University Hospital of gangrene (probably diabetes-related).  She was 82.  They are both buried in Linwood Cemetery in Dubuque.

Portraits of Martha Jane Hammond (1848-1930) & John Mullins (1844-1894)

Martha Jane Hammond was my 3x great-grandmother.  She was born in Drummenny, Donegal, Ireland, the daughter of John Hammond and Jane Bustard.  She married John Mullins, a fellow Irish immigrant and US Civil War veteran in Marengo, Iowa in 1871.

The descendants of my great-grand-aunt Ruth Curtis in Dubuque, Iowa have a large repository of family history documents and photos.  In that collection was the following portrait, which was marked in a conflicting manner as both “Martha Jane Hammond” and also as her daughter “Agnes Mullins”.


Martha Jane Hammond c1871


The front says “Aggie (Agnes) Mullins”.  The back says “Grandma Martha Mullins – Ruthie’s (Ruth Curtis’s) Grandmother”.

Agnes Mullins died at age 15, so when I first saw this portrait I felt like it could not have been her.  I proceeded for a long time with the assumption that this was a portrait of Martha Jane Hammond as a young woman.  You can see that there’s another person seated next to her, so this was cropped from a larger portrait of two people.  That usually means a marriage photo, so it was probably taken about the time of her wedding in 1871.  I’m guessing the “Aggie Mullins” might mean it originally belonged to her, and then passed to another family member (presumably my 2x-great-grandmother Edna Mullins) when Agnes died in 1891.

Then many months later a cousin named Michael Curtis uploaded several new photos to his account on Ancestry.com.  They are not scanned very well, but they are clear enough that one can get a much better picture of Martha and her husband John Mullins.

The first photo was of Martha’s husband (my 3x great-grandfather) John Mullins.  It’s not clear when it was taken, but he looks to be about 35 years old, so I’m guessing it was taken about 1880.  The photo was taken in Grinnell, Iowa, which was where the family was living in 1880.


John Mullins (1844-1894)

When he enlisted in the 14th New York Heavy Artillery regiment in 1863, he was 19 years old and described as 5’6″ in height with blue eyes, light hair, and fair complexion.

The next photo is of Martha with one of her daughters:


Martha Jane Hammond and unknown daughter, courtesy of Michael Curtis.

To me, it didn’t seem like the same woman as the older photo I already had.  The jaw-line is similarly strong, and the hair is curly in both, but this woman seemed to have pale blue eyes, and in the older photo the woman seemed to have darker eyes.  Then another photo of Martha as an older woman was put online:


Martha Jane Hammond as an older woman.  Courtesy of Michael Curtis.

This looked to be the same woman as the middle portrait.

Next came one of the missing pieces of the puzzle.  It’s the full portrait from which the original portrait of Martha was taken:


John Mullins & Martha Jane Hammond, c1871.  Courtesy of Michael Curtis.

My first thought was this must be two of the children of John and Martha.  I remembered that the original portrait had been labeled “Agnes Mullins”, so I thought it was Agnes and her older brother, William Mullins.  But as I said, Agnes died at age 15, and the ages of these two didn’t seem correct for her to be 14 or 15 and him to be 20.  It seemed more likely that this was a wedding portrait of John and Martha.

The final piece of the puzzle was this portrait of Guy Harvey Curtis (brother of my 2x-great-grandfather Florin Herbert Curtis) and his wife Winifred Elizabeth “Bessie” Mullins, who was the daughter of John and Martha.  It was obviously taken in their living room and two portraits are visible:


Bessie Mullins & Guy H. Curtis, courtesy of Michael Curtis

The obvious thing is the same portrait of Martha Jane Hammond on the wall.  Less obvious is that the full version of the portrait (with John Mullins) is barely visible behind the chair of Guy H. Curtis.  One can recognize the same hat and face, etc, from the wedding portrait.



To me it makes sense that Bessie would have portraits of her parents in her home, so it cemented my view that the original portrait must be Martha Jane Hammond taken about the time of her wedding to John Mullins c1871.

Immigrant Ancestors from England

A look at some of the branches of my family I’ve traced back to England, and the original immigrant ancestors from those lines.


Jonathan Fairbanks arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1633 from Yorkshire, England before settling in Dedham, Massachusetts.  The weird thing about the Fairbanks family is that they touch mine via marriage of Jane Fairbanks to Rev. William Duff, who lived in Halifax, Nova Scotia!

Jonathan Fairbanks (1595 – 1668)
George Fairbanks II (1619 – 1683) Son of Jonathan
Eliezur Fairbanks III (1655 – 1741) Son of George
Cap. Eleasur Fairbanks IV (1690 – 1741) Son of Eliezur
Eleazer Fairbanks (1716 – 1760) Son of Cap. Eleasur
Rufus Fairbanks (1759 – 1842) Son of Eleazer
John Eleazer Fairbanks (1793 – 1860) Son of Rufus
Jane Elizabeth Fairbanks (1823 – 1871 Daughter of John Eleazer
Annie E. Prescott Duff (1847 – 1930) Daughter of Jane Elizabeth


Thomas Jones (1620 – 1671) arrived from Hampshire, England to Dorchester, Massachusetts in 1638.  His great-granddaughter Sarah Jones married Newton Ransom (1722-1796):

Sarah Jones (1724 – 1804)
Dr Luther Ransom (1758 – 1832) son of Sarah
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) daughter of Luther
Charles H Thomas (1821 – 1873) son of Sophia

William Jones came from England to Massachusetts, likely around 1640.  His descendant Mehitable Jones married Paul Dexter Pond (1760-1843):

William Jones (1589 – 1677)
Thomas Jones (1645 – 1679) son of William
Thomas Jones (1674 – 1729) son of Thomas
Aaron Jones (1713 – 1742) son of Thomas
Samuel Jones (1740 – 1786) son of Aaron
Mehetabel Jones (1765 – 1841) daughter of Samuel
Samuel Pond (1790 – 1865) son of Mehetabel
Louisa “Lois” Adams Pond (1823 – 1896) daughter of Samuel


Richard Knight (1603-1683) arrived in Newbury, Massachusetts in April, 1635 aboard the ship “James” with another of my ancestors, Anthony Morse.  His daughter Elizabeth Knight married Anthony Morse (1631-1677):

Deacon Richard Knight Sr. (1603 – 1683)
Elizabeth Knight (1639 – 1667) Daughter of Deacon Richard
Ens. Anthony Morse (1662 – 1710) Son of Elizabeth
Elizabeth Morse (1697 – 1762) Daughter of Ens. Anthony
Nathaniel Morse (1728 – 1781) Son of Elizabeth
David Morse (1756 – 1840) Son of Nathaniel
Sally Maria “Mariah” Morse (1805 – 1890) Daughter of David
Louisa “Lois” A. Pond (1823 – 1896) Daughter of Sally Maria “Mariah”


Samuel Lathrop came to Plymouth from Egerton, Kent, England in 1634.  His descendant Sarah Lathrop Adams (1765-1857) married David Morse (1756 – 1840) thus combining two Pilgrim lines:

Samuel Lathrop Lothrop (1623 – 1700)
Israel Lathrop Lothrop (1659 – 1733) Son of Samuel
Samuel Lathrop (1692 – 1753) Son of Israel
Capt Elisha Lathrop (1713 – 1787) Son of Samuel
Sarah Lathrop (1765 – 1857) Daughter of Capt Elisha
Sally Maria “Mariah” Morse (1805 – 1890) Daughter of Sarah
Louisa “Lois” A. Pond (1823 – 1896) Daughter of Sally Maria “Mariah”


Anthony Morse came from Marlborough, Wiltshire, England, and settled in Newbury, Massachusetts in 1635. Apparently Anthony testified at his sister-in-law’s trial where she was accused of being a witch!  His descendant Sally Maria Morse married Samuel Pond (1790-1865):

Anthony Morse Sr. (1606 – 1686)
Deacon Benjamin Morse (1641 – 1707) Son of Anthony
Deacon William Morse (1673 – 1749) Son of Deacon Benjamin
Daniel Morse Sr. (1697 – 1766) Son of Deacon William
Nathaniel Morse (1728 – 1781) Son of Daniel
David Morse (1756 – 1840) Son of Nathaniel
Sally Maria “Mariah” Morse (1805 – 1890) Daughter of David
Louisa “Lois” A. Pond (1823 – 1896) Daughter of Sally Maria “Mariah”


George Polley (1625 – 1683) came to Woburn, Massachusetts before 1649 from Shoreditch, Middlesex, England.  His grand-daughter Mary Polley married Thomas Jones (1681-1729):

George Polley (1625 – 1683)
George Polley (1656 – 1698) Son of George
Mary Polley (1682 – 1729) Daughter of George
Sarah Jones (1724 – 1804) Daughter of Mary
Dr Luther Ransom (1758 – 1832) Son of Sarah
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) Daughter of Dr Luther
Charles H. L. Thomas (1821 – 1873) Son of Sophia


Daniel Pond arrived in Dedham, Massachusetts from Edwardston, England in 1630.  His descendant Lois Pond married Charles H. Thomas.

Daniel Pond (1627 – 1697)
Ephraim Pond (1656 – 1704) Son of Daniel
Samuel Pond (1729 – 1806) Son of Ephraim
Paul D Pond (1760 – 1843) Son of Samuel
Samuel Pond (1791 – 1866) Son of Paul D
Louisa “Lois” A. Pond (1823 – 1896) Daughter of Samuel


Robert Ransom arrived in Massachusetts from England in 1654.  His descendant Sophia Ransom was the mother of Charles H.L. Thomas

Robert Ransom (1637 – 1697)
Joshua Ransom (1665 – 1713) Son of Robert
Robert Ransom (1687 – 1777) Son of Joshua
Newton Ransom (1722 – 1796) Son of Robert
Dr Luther Ransom (1758 – 1832) Son of Newton
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) Daughter of Dr Luther
Charles H. L. Thomas (1821 – 1873) Son of Sophia


Richard Smith (1596-1666), came to the US from Gloucestershire, England and settled in Rhode Island in the 1630’s.  He established a trading post on the western side of the Narragansett Bay at a place called Cocumscussoc, later to become the village of Wickford in modern-day North Kingstown, Rhode Island.  His daughter Joan Smith married Thomas Newton (1630-1683):

Richard Smith (1596 – 1666)
Joan Smith (1627 – 1664) daughter of Richard
Capt James Newton (1654 – 1739) son of Joan
Alice Newton (1686 – 1779) daughter of Capt James
Newton Ransom (1722 – 1796) son of Alice
Dr Luther Ransom (1758 – 1832) son of Newton
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) daughter of Dr Luther
Charles H Thomas (1821 – 1873) son of Sophia


Nancy Taylor, born about 1784, was born in London, England according to her son Seneca Folsom’s death record.  She married Gordon Folsom (1788-1813) on 27 Jan 1806 in Rome, Kennebec, Maine.  She died about 1835 in Monmouth, Kennebec, Maine.  She is one of the only English direct ancestors I have that didn’t arrive at the time of the Pilgrims.

Nancy Taylor (1784 – 1835)
Charles Taylor Folsom (1808 – 1886) son of Nancy Taylor
Lucy Gilman Folsom (1835 – 1916) daughter of Charles Taylor Folsom
Helen Maria Nason (1863 – 1912) daughter of Lucy Gilman Folsom


Simon Wolcott arrived in Dorchester, Massachusetts with his parents Henry Wolcott (1579 – 1655) and Elizabeth Saunders (1584 – 1655) at the age of six from Tolland, England.  His descendant Theodosia Wolcott married Dr. Luther Ransom:

Simon Wolcott (1624 – 1687)
Henry Wolcott (1670 – 1747) Son of Simon
Thomas Wolcott Sr (1702 – 1762) Son of Henry
Luke Wolcott (1730 – 1762) Son of Thomas
Theodosia Wolcott (1762 – 1825) Daughter of Luke
Sophia Ransom (1792 – 1868) Daughter of Theodosia
Charles H. L. Thomas (1821 – 1873) Son of Sophia


The Hammond Family of Donegal, Ireland

My 3x great-grandmother Martha Jane Hammond was born just outside the city of Donegal in County Donegal, Ireland.  This updated document will outline new information about her family that has been obtained from Irish civil and church records, and other sources.

Alexander Hammond and Margaret Lenox

Alexander Hammond and his wife Margaret Lenox, my 6x great-grandparents were likely born near Donegal in the late 1760’s.  They were married in Drumhome, Donegal, Ireland on 20 Jul 1792.  Alexander’s father was listed as Andrew Hammond, and Margaret’s father was listed as Daniel Lenox.  Andrew was from Ballydermot and his wife from Tullyleague, according to their marriage record.

Alexander and Margaret had the following children, all born in Drumhome, Donegal Ireland:

  1. Andrew Hammond (bap 1 May 1792 in Ballydermot).
  2. Alexander Hammond (bap 20 Aug 1794 in Lismintin).
  3. Andrew Hammond II (bap 9 Mar 1796 in Lismintan), married Elizabeth Graham, died 24 Feb 1871 in Agadowey, Drumholm, Donegal, Ireland at the age of 74.
  4. Richard Hammond (bap 5 Oct 1798 in Ballydermot).
  5. Robert Hammond (bap 5 Oct 1798 in Ballydermot).
  6. Timothy Hammond (bap 12 Dec 1802 in Ballydermot).

Francis Graham and Jane Pearson

Francis Graham and his wife Jane Pearson (also my 6x great grandparents) were married about 1790 in Drumhome, Donegal, Ireland.  Francis had been married before to Jane Griffith, with whom he had a daughter Mary Graham, born in 1783.

Francis Graham and Jane Pearson had the following children, all born in Dromore, Drumhome, Donegal Ireland:

  1. Elizabeth Graham I (bap 17 Jul 1791).
  2. Hannah Graham (bap 19 Oct 1792).
  3. Elizabeth Graham II (bap 12 Dec 1793).

Andrew Hammond and Elizabeth Graham

Andrew Hammond II and Elizabeth Graham were my 5x great-grandparents.  Andrew Hammond II was born in Mar, 1796 in Ballydermot, Drumhome, Donegal, Ireland and baptized there on 1 May 1792.  He married Elizabeth Graham, daughter of Francis Graham and his wife Jane Pearson on 20 Sept 1814 in Donegal Parish of Donegal County.  Elizabeth was listed as being from Drumholm and Andrew from Donegal.

Andrew and Elizabeth had six known children who were born in the parish of Finnabanes in County Donegal except Andrew who seems to have been born while visiting Elizabeth’s family in Drumholm:

  1. John Hammond (born 15 Jun 1816), married Jane Bustard and Margaret Miller, died 15 Mar 1895 in Glencoagh, Mountcharles, Donegal, Ireland at the age of 78.
  2. Edward Hammond (b 26 Oct 1818).
  3. Jane Hammond (b 18 Mar 1822, married George Hanna, died 4 Dec 1891 in Ballintra, Donegal, Ireland).
  4. Mary Ann Hammond (b 23 Aug 1826).
  5. Andrew Hammond (b 24 Apr 1828 in parish Dromore, married Margaret Bustard, died 7 Jun 1903 in Finnabanes).
  6. William Hammond (b 7 Jul 1829, married Martha Jane Kealty, died abt 1880 in Brooklyn, Iowa).

John and Ann Bustard

John and Ann Bustard were my 5x great-grandparents.  They were married about 1819 in County Donegal, Ireland (likely in Clarcam).  They had the following children in Clarcam, Donegal, Ireland:

  1. William Bustard (b 6 Apr 1820).
  2. Jane Bustard (b 27 Jul 1823).
  3. Isabella Bustard (b 11 Nov 1825).
  4. John Bustard (bap 11 Nov 1832).

John Hammond and Jane Bustard

John Hammond and Jane Bustard were my 4x great-grandparents.  John Hammond was born 15 Jun 1816 in Finnabanes, and was baptized 16 Jun 1816 in the same place.  Jane Bustard was born 27 Jul 1823 in Clarcam, Donegal, Ireland and was baptized there on 29 Jul 1823.  They were married on 29 Dec 1841 in Donegal.  John’s brother William was listed as one of the witnesses. The children of John Hammond and Jane Bustard were all born in County Donegal, Ireland:

1) Anna “Ann” Hammond was born 1 Nov 1843 in Finnabanes.  She married Richard King on 17 Aug 1871 in Grinnell, Iowa, and they had at least four children.  Ann died 26 Oct 1925 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

2) Elizabeth “Betty” Hammond was born 5 Nov 1845 in Drummenny and died 5 Oct 1932, likely in Cheyenne, Wyoming where she had been working as a housekeeper.  She is not believed to have married or had any children.

3) Martha Jane Hammond was born 22 Jun 1848 in Drummenny.  She married John Mullins on 18 May 1871 in Marengo, Iowa.  They had five children.  Martha died 2 Dec 1930 in Grinnell, Iowa due to heart disease.


Martha Jane Hammond and unknown daughter, courtesy of Michael Curtis.

4) Mary Hammond was born 18 Mar 1851 in Finnabanes.  She married Albert Hickman on 15 Apr 1879 in Iowa County, Iowa.  They had two children.  She died 8 Sept 1914 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

5) Andrew J Hammond was born 1 Dec 1853 in Finnabanes.  He married Mary Magdelein Pilgrim on 16 Sept 1878 at Union, Iowa.  They had three daughters.  He died 30 Sept 1903 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.


Andrew Hammond and family.

6) Margaret Hammond I was born 24 Jun 1856 in Finnabanes.  She likely died at or shortly after birth.

7) Margaret “Maggie” Hammond II was born 10 Oct 1858 in Finnabanes.  She married James B. Johnson about 1879.  They had a daughter Lorenia M “Lola” Johnson (1880-1954) .  Maggie then married Adam Dunlap in 1897 in Grinnell, Iowa.  They had a son, Leroy Daniel “Roy” Dunlap (1900-1963).  Maggie died 10 Nov 1931 in Harvey, Illinois.

8) Catherine “Kate” Hammond was born about 1862, likely in Finnabanes.  So far her birth record has not been located.  She married Dock D Harr on 6 Jun 1882 in Hampton, Iowa, and they had at least one daughter, Cecile I Harr (1833-1958).  Kate died 26 Jul 1934 in Minneapolis, Minnesota.

On 26 Dec 1864, John married his second wife, Margaret Miller, daughter of Robert Miller, who was 27 years younger than him (he was 48, she was 21).  They had thirteen more children in County Donegal:

  1. William John Hammond (b 30 Nov 1865 in Lacrum).
  2. Robert Hammond (b 15 Jan 1867 in Lacrum).
  3. Matthew Hammmond (b 4 May 1868 in Lacrum).
  4. George Hammond (b 28 Jul in Lacrum).
  5. Fannie Hammond (b 20 Nov 1870 in Lacrum).
  6. Elizabeth Isabella Hammond (b 21 Jun 1872 in Lacrum).
  7. Francis Hammond (b 14 Oct 1873 in Altilow).
  8. Edward John Hammond (b 25 Apr 1875 in Altilow).
  9. Martha Hammond (b 25 Nov 1877 in Altilow).
  10. Alexander Hammond (b 20 Jun 1879 in Altilow).
  11. Ella J Hammond (b 28 May 1881 in Altilow, baptized as Rebecca).
  12. Matthew John Hammond (b 28 Nov 1883 in Altilow, baptized as John).
  13. Rebecca Hammond (b 27 Feb 1887 in Altilow).

John died 15 Mar 1891 in Glencoagh Mountcharles, Donegal, Ireland.  His occupation was listed as “weaver”.  His second wife Margaret Miller died in West Fork, Iowa on 4 Mar 1909.

John Mullins and Martha Jane Hammond

John Mullins and Martha Jane Hammond were my 3x great-grandparents.

John was born in Ireland (perhaps in Dublin) on 25 Mar 1844 (per his gravestone), and came to America before the Civil War.  He worked as a blacksmith in Buffalo, Erie, New York, and enlisted in the Union Army there in August 1863 as part of Company E of the 14th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment.  He was described as having blue eyes, light hair, fair compexion and as being 5’6″ in height.


John Mullins (1844-1894)

John was mustered out of the Union Army on 26 Aug 1865 in Washington D.C. and went to work in Marengo, Iowa as a blacksmith.  He is in the 1870 Census there working as one of four blacksmiths on the ranch of Thomas Crew, a stock (cattle) dealer.

He married Martha Jane Hammond on 18 May 1871 in Marengo, and they had the following children:

  1. William Richard Mullins (b 27 May 1872 in Marengo).
  2. Jessiman May “Jessie” Mullins (b 8 Feb 1874 in Marengo).
  3. Agnes Mullins (b 2 Jul 1876 in Marengo).
  4. Elizabeth Winifred “Bessie” Mullins (b 28 Apr 1878 in Marengo).
  5. Edith Edna Mullins (b 30 Jul 1881 in Grinnell).

John Mullins died of paralysis on 31 Jan 1894 in Grinnell, Iowa.  His wife Martha Jane Hammond died of heart disease on 2 Dec 1930, also in Grinnell.