Category Archives: Olivier

Marie Magdeleine Hénault

Marie Magdeleine Hénault was my 6x great-grandmother.  [In the parish records the family name was more often spelled “Enos” or “Enaud”, which are homophones in French.]  She was the second wife of Louis Olivier dit Lavictoire, the original immigrant ancestor of the Olivier family, who had arrived in Berthier, Quebec, Canada about 1742 from the parish of St-Eustache in Paris, France.

St-Eustache in Paris, France.

St-Eustache in Paris, France.

The official story of her life, as given in “Généologie des Olivier dit Lavictoire” [written by Ernest Olivier in 1929] says:

We do not know when Louis came to live in Berthier-en-Haut, but we find him there first in the parish records on 24 Oct 1757 when he married his second wife Madeleine Enaud, a/k/a Marieé Hénault, who was 36 years old at the time.  To this marriage were born twelve children baptized at Berthier.

You will find this “fact” almost universally mirrored across dozens of family trees on Ancestry.com and elsewhere on the web.  Her birth date is given as 3 Jun 1721 in Richelieu, Quebec, Canada.  It is, however, unlikely to be correct given the facts.

The official marriage record for Magdeleine does indeed show that she married Louis Olivier at Ste-Geneviève, Berthierville, Québec, Canada on 24 Oct 1757.  It says:

“Solemnly celebrated the marriage between Louis Olivier, widower of the late [Marie] Joseph Buisson, as one party, and Marie Magdeline Henaud, daughter of Jean Pierre Henaud and of Geneviève Généreux, as the second party.”

Their first child, Louis, was born on 12 Sept 1758 almost a year later, theoretically when Magdeleine was about 37 years old if the 1721 birth year is correct.  Their last [and 12th] child, Théophile Amable Olivier, was born 4 Feb 1781.  The birth record states:

“The 5th February 1781 by me, the undersigned priest, was baptised Théophile Amable, born the night before of the legitimate marriage of Mr. Louis Olivier, captain of militia, and of Magdelaine Enos…”

If the 1721 birth year is correct, Magdeleine would have been 59 years old at the time of the birth of their last child.  Technically, this is not impossible, but I put it in the category of “extremely improbable”.

Looking further, her burial record from 6 Aug 1813 at Ste-Geneviève states:

“We [..] have interred on the evangelical side inside the church, the body of Magdeleine Henault, widow of Mr. Louis Olivier who had lived in this parish, deceased for two days, furnished with the sacraments, aged about eighty years.”

Based on that age she had been born about 1733 and would have married at the age of 24 or 25.  Her last child would have been born when she was 47, which is still stretching things, but at least not impossible.

The reason for the erroneous birth date is the Tanguay Genealogical Dictionary of Canadian Families, which shows her as having been baptized in 1721.  I believe it’s clearly incorrect when the facts are examined.  I’m guessing she was born more like 1738 and would have been about 43 when her last child was born.

Her parents Jean Pierre Hénault dit Fresnière (1691-1756) and Marie Geneviève Généreux (1704-1788) were in the parish of St-Pierre, Sorel, Québec, Canada for the birth of her brother François Hénault on 20 Oct 1725, and had moved directly across the Saint Lawrence River to the parish of Ste-Geneviève, Berthier, Québec, Canada by 1727 when her sister Geneviève Hénault was born.  We know they stayed in Ste-Geneviève through at least 1733 when her sister Marie Josephe Hénault was born.

Unfortunately, the parish records for St-Pierre don’t exist for the years 1683-1724, and the records for Ste-Geneviève are missing between 1734 and 1750, so it’s possible we may never find a baptism record proving the exact birth date for Magdeleine Hénault.

 

 

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“Genealogy of the Olivier dit Lavictoire Family” – 1929

I was contacted recently on ancestry.com by a cousin from the Olivier side of the family.  She asked me if I had a copy of the book on Olivier Family history which had been written by Ernest Olivier in 1929.  I had never heard of it, so she agreed to send me a copy as a PDF file.

Cover

Cover

This is an incredible document, and I’m shocked that I knew nothing of its existence.  The book is called “Généalogie des Olivier, dit Lavictoire” by Ernest Olivier and Alphonse Houle, and was written in 1929.  The text is in French, and is 69 pages long.  The primary author, Ernest Olivier, was the son of Louis Arthur Olivier, and the grandson of Henri François Olivier, my 3x great-grandfather.  He was a priest, as I said, who was born in Ste-Elizabeth, Berthier, Quebec and lived most of his life in Rhode Island.

Ernest Olivier, lower left, in 1902.

Reverend Ernest Olivier, lower left, with his family about 1917.

The preface of the book begins:

“Dear readers, we would have wished to present you with a more complete family history, but this was impossible.  At the beginning we had no intention to undertake such a considerable body of work because we had thought to only work on our line of the family tree.  In the course of our research, having found many other Olivier descendants of the same ancestors, we decided to compile all the names which made up the five lines presented in this book.  We have done this in collaboration with a cousin, the reverend Alphonse Houle, vicar of Berthier-en-Haut, the original church for our ancestors, who has collected everything he could find in the parish registers up to 1880, and your humble author has done the rest, bringing the family history from that point to the present date [1929].  That which remains missing is due, for the most part, to the many of our demands for information which have remained unanswered.  There are, perhaps, some errors with names and dates despite the great care we have taken to make the information presented as exact as possible.

We hope that this family history will help you know the Olivier dit Lavictoire family in greater depth.  It is a family from which are descended many priests, other religious figures, and men who have distinguished themselves in all the liberal professions.  In order to make this book more interesting we have also added some biographical information to each entry [where possible].  We have divided and laid out the story by following each line of each family.  To begin there are five chapters where the lines of each of the five sons of Louis Olivier and Madelaine Hénault are traced.  Then, in each line we have enumerated first the children, sons and daughters, and indicated their names and the dates of their births or baptisms.  Then, we have followed each son who was married and indicated the date of their birth or baptism and added the date of their marriage, the names of their spouses, the names and dates of birth or baptism of their children, and thus repeated this until the final generation.  As a point of reference, instead of repeating the names of the father and mother we have repeated the date of the birth or baptism of the son whose line we are following.

A.E.O. [Alphonse Ernest Olivier]”

He begins the history of the family with my 6x great grandfather, the original immigrant ancestor of the line:

Louis Olivier did Lavictoire

According to the genealogical dictionary of Monseigneur Tanguay, Louis Olivier dit Lavictoire, born in May 1720, son of Pierre Olivier and Marie-Anne Dubuc from the parish of St-Eustache in Paris, France immigrated to Montréal on 26 Feb 1743.  He married first Marie Joseph Buisson, who died at the age of 18 years and was buried in Montréal on 6 May 1743, one month after the birth of their daughter Marguerite.  Marguerite had been baptized on 5 Apr 1743 and had died and was buried the 19th of June the same year.

We do not know when Louis came to live in Berthier-en-Haut, but we find him there first in the parish records on 24 Oct 1757 when he married his second wife Madeleine Enaud, a/k/a Marieé Hénault, who was 36 years old at the time.  To this marriage were born twelve children baptized at Berthier.  Louis was a négociant [wine merchant], a captain of militia, and a soldier in the Lavaltrie Company.  He died [on 7 Feb 1785] at the age of 64 years and 9 months, and was buried on 10 Feb 1785 inside the church along the wall of the Evangelical side of the church, according to the sepulture inscriptions in the archives of the parish of Saint-Geneviève de Berthier-en-Haut.

After filling out detail regarding the other children in the family, Ernest then moves on to my 5x great-grandfather:

François Olivier dit Lavictoire, second son of Louis and Madeleine Hénault, was captain [of militia] and a farmer from Grande-Côte of Berthier-en-Haut on the north bank of the Saint Lawrence river, two and a half miles from the parish church.  He was born [10 Aug] 1760 and married [Marie] Pélagie Desrosiers [dite Lafresnière] on 17 Feb 1783.  He died at the age of 84 years [on 9 May 1844] and was buried the 11th of May.

About my 4x-great-grandfather he writes:

François Olivier dit Lavictoire, eldest son of François and Pélagie Desrosiers was a farmer on the family farm.  He was born 30 Dec 1783 and married Euphrosine Aurez dite Laferrière on 30 Sept 1811.  He died at the age of 76 years and was buried 29 Aug 1859.

Home of François Olivier, at Grand-Côte in Bertherville-en-Haut, built in 1844.

Home of François Olivier, at Grand-Côte in Bertherville-en-Haut, built in 1844.

Several of the sons of François Olivier are shown in photographs in the book.  They are not the best quality.  I would love to know who has the originals of them!

Cuthbert Olivier (1815-1896)

Cuthbert Olivier (1815-1896)

Maxime Olivier (1820-1894)

Maxime Olivier (1820-1894)

Charles Norbert Olivier (1828-1899)

Charles Norbert Olivier (1828-1899)

Louis Olivier (1830-1899)

Louis Olivier (1830-1899)

Prosper Narcisse Olivier (1832-1914)

Prosper Narcisse Olivier (1832-1914)

Then he comes to my 3x great grandfather, and I was surprised to find two photos that were included.

Henri François Olivier (1812-1876)

Henri François Olivier

Henri François Olivier

Henri, farmer and eldest son of François and Euphrosine Aurez dite Laferrière, was born 18 Nov 1812, and married Elisabeth Tellier at Berthier on 13 Jan 1835.  In 1836 moved to a farm at Ste-Elisabeth de Joliette which was 3 arpents by 32 arpents in size [about 83 acres].  About half the land was arable, and the farm was situated on the north bank of the Bayonne river, about two miles from the parish church.  [Ste-Elisabeth is about 10 miles from Berthierville and the Bayonne river runs from Berthierville toward Ste-Elisabeth almost directly.]  Henri died at the age of 64 years [on 21 Aug 1876] and was buried at Ste-Elisabeth on 23 Aug 1876.

Home of Henri Olivier, built in Ste-Elisabeth about 1836.

Home of Henri Olivier, built in Ste-Elisabeth about 1836.

Of my great-great-grandmother Cordélie “Cordelia” Olivier, he writes only briefly (as he does of all the daughters):

Cordélia, born 11 Sept 1850, married Jean G. Bacon, woodworker in Burlington, Vermont on 4 Sept 1871.  She died at the age of 68 years on 20 Oct 1918.

The book is, however, full of stories of various members of the family.  Some with huge amounts of detail, including the author’s own line, which descends from Henri François’s son Louis Arthur Olivier [1853-1919].

I’ll work on doing more translations, but if any family members want me to post specific lines, they can contact me through this site.


The Brissette and Moreau Families – Brides for Brothers

This is just another one of those oddities that one discovers while doing genealogy.  The Moreau family of Bertherville, Québec, Canada is related to me because Anthime Duplesse Moreau (1876-1947) married Marie Victoria Olivier (1876-1945).  Victoria was the niece of my great-great-grandmother Cordélie Olivier.

Anthime Moreau Family, 1916

Anthime Moreau Family, 1916

[“Victoria, Anthime, and their children”. Back row: Joseph Jean Baptiste, Marie Blanche Délia, Angélina, Aurore, Philibert. 2nd row: Anthime, Herminie, Victoria, Aldéa. Front row: Adélard, Donat, Marie-Jeanne.  Courtesy of Micheline Tremblay.]

While doing the Moreau family tree, I came across an interesting fact.  Anthime and Victoria had 13 children, two of which died very young.  Of those that survived, seven of the Moreau siblings married members of the Brissette family:

Joseph Jean Baptiste Moreau (1901-1966) married Marie Auréa Elienne Brissette (b 1905).

Marie Aurore Paméla Moreau (b 1905) married Armand Brissette (1904-1956).

Marie Angélina Moreau (b 1903) married Roméo Brissette (1902-1972).

Joseph Ovila Adélard Moreau (b 1910) married Adrienne Brissette (b 1912).

Joseph Ulric Donat Moreau (b 1912) married Marie Jeanne Simonne Brisette (1916-1935).

Marie Blanche Délia Duplessie Moreau (1902-1927) married Joseph Sylvio Brissette (b 1899).

Délia Moreau and Sylvio Brissette c 1919

Délia Moreau and Sylvio Brissette c 1919

When Délia Moreau died in 1927, Sylvio married Délia’s sister Marie Exilda Aldéa “Aldéa” Moreau (b 1909).  Sylvio had TWO Moreau brides!

So seven members of this Moreau family married six members of the Brissette family.  I can only imagine the scene in the Moreau home:

Donat Moreau: “Papa, I have some news!”

Anthime Moreau: “Let me guess… you’re getting married to one of the Brissette girls.”

Donat: “Yes!”

Anthime: [dryly, without looking up from his paper] “What a surprise.”


Olivier Family Photo – Digging Deeper

As I have written about previously, I purchased a group of photos from an antique store in Winooski, Vermont which used to be in the collection of Albert Joseph James Perreault.  Of those photos, only one is still unidentified at this writing, so I’m going to delve into this more deeply to see if I can narrow down the suspects.

First of all, here is the photo:

Unidentifed Woman, Winooski, Vermont

Unidentifed Woman, Winooski, Vermont

On the back it says “One of Gramp’s Aunts on the Olivier Side”.   There are a few clues here.  The photo was taken at the Hector Huard studio in Winooski, Vermont, it is a cabinet card, and the woman in the photo seems to be about 30 years old.

According to online sources, cabinet cards were popular between 1875 and 1895 and had more or less died out by 1900.  According to the Winooski City Directory, Hector Huard was a photographer in Winooski starting in 1890 and continuing until his death on 11 Nov 1939 at the age of 76.  His studio was on the corner of Allen and Main streets that entire time… nearly 50 years!  Between 1890 and 1895 he was partnered with Ezra T Langlois as part of “Huard & Langlois” [I have some photos from that studio], but Hector seems to have struck out on his own starting around 1896 or 1897.  So it’s most likely this photo was taken between 1897 and 1900.  That’s a pretty narrow timeframe.

As I said, tthe woman looks to be about 30, so I’m putting her birth date somewhere around 1865- 1875.  She would have, mostly likely, been living in Winooski or Burlington in the 1900 census.  The “aunts on the Olivier side” of Albert Joseph James Perreault would have been the female children of Henri Octave Olivier.  They were:

Marie Angéline Olivier, who died in 1871.

Marie Cordélie “Cordelia” Olivier (1867-1907)

Marie Josephine Albina “Albina” Olivier (1869-1928)

Marie Victoria “Victoria” Olivier (1876-1945)

Marie Evelina “Evelyn” Olivier (1878-1934)

I have photos of all of these women, fortunately, apart from Angéline who is not a suspect since she died at the age of seven.  I can say definitively that the woman in the photo is not Albina, nor Victoria.  That leaves just Cordelia or Evelyn.  Both Cordelia and Evelyn lived in Burlington, Vermont (very near Winooski) in 1900, so that leaves them both as suspects.

Here are side-by-side comparisons of both women using photos taken around the time frame being discussed:

 

Cordelia Olivier

Cordelia Olivier taken in 1890

Evelyn Olivier

Evelyn Olivier taken in 1898

I don’t think either one is a slam dunk, but given that the comparison photo of Evelyn was taken in 1898, I think it’s less likely that it’s her than Cordelia.  The photos of her would be about 7-10 years apart if it is, indeed, her.

The hair styles for the two photos of Cordelia are certainly the same, but the mouth, nose, and even the shape of the eyebrow ride seem to be different to me.   So the lips, nose and eyes of Evelyn seem more like the mystery woman, but the hairstyle and time frame seem more likely Cordelia.

I’ll post more here in this blog as more information becomes available.


Olivier Family Photos – Part II

My cousin Micheline has spent decades working on her family genealogy.  She was kind enough to share her extensive collection of Olivier family photos with me, and she gave me permission to make them available where other members of the family could find them.  To be honest, it’s difficult for me to narrow down the more than 12 dozen photos she has sent me so far, because they are all excellent.  But I’ll do my best.  My plan is to post the main family line here, and then have separate blogs with photos from each sibling.

I am related to the Olivier family through Delia Bacon, the mother of my paternal grandfather.  Delia’s mother was Cordelia Olivier.  Micheline and I are both descendants of Cordelia’s father Henri François Olivier (1812-1876).

Micheline’s family comes from Cordelia’s brother Henri Octave Olivier (1836-1911).  Octave was born 18 Feb 1836 and baptized at La Visitation-de-l’Île-Dupas in Québec.  For most of his life he lived in Ste-Elizabeth and St-Thomas, Québec (near Montréal), but he and his family can also be found in the 1880 census for Holyoke, Massachusetts where they lived briefly, and where Octave is listed as a “Laborer”.  He died on 13 May 1911 and was buried in St-Thomas.

Henri Octave Olivier

Henri Octave Olivier

I’ve already posted a photo I purchased from eBay of Philomène Cottenoire, who was Henri’s wife.  This is a photo of Philomène as an older lady, probably taken about 1919:

Philomène Cottenoire c1919.

Philomène Cottenoire c1919.

Henri and Philomène had 13 children… seven boys and six girls.  Five of them died in infancy or early childhood.  Of the eight surviving children, I have photos of seven of them.  So far I do not have a photo of their eldest son, Joseph Philémon “Philémon” Olivier (1860-1918), who married Marie Celeste LaPorte.

The next son was Louis Dolor “Adélard” Olivier (1861-1921).  The only photo I have of him is from his funeral flyer, and it’s not very clear.  Adélard married Marie Philomène Georgianna Olivier, who was his second cousin.

Adélard Olivier

Adélard Olivier

The next surviving child was their son Joseph Hildaige “Hildaige” Olivier (1865-1952).  I posted a photo of his family in a previous blog, but here is a close-up of him and his wife, Lucie Brasseur from that photo.

Lucie & Hildaige, 1904

Lucie & Hildaige, 1904

The next child was Cordélie Catherine Olivier (1867-1907) who married Charles Perreault and lived in Burlington, Vermont.  I only have one photo of them which I’d posted previously, but here it is again:

Charles Perreault and Cordélia Olivier, 1890.

Charles Perreault and Cordélia Olivier, 1890.

Next came Marie Josephine Albina “Albina” Olivier (1869-1928), who married Joseph Charles Desroches.  I’ve already posted their wedding photo, and a photo of them with their two daughters, so here is one of Albina as a young woman that Micheline sent me.

Albina Olivier c1890

Albina Olivier c1890

The next child was Henri Octave Eugène “Eugène” Olivier (1874-1965), who married Marie Angélina Masse.  I already posted their wedding photo, so here is a photo of Eugène taken from his funeral flyer.

Eugène Olivier

Eugène Olivier

Since that’s a little grim, here’s another.  This photo shows Eugène [top row, center] with his brother-in-law Anthime Moreau [top, row left], his wife Angélina [bottom row left], his sister Albina [bottom row, center], his and his nieces Yvonne Desroches [top row, right], and Blandine Desroches [bottom row, right].

Eugène Olivier with family, 1917

Eugène Olivier with family, 1917

Next came Marie Victoria “Victoria” Olivier (1876-1945), who married the aforementioned Anthime Moreau.  Here is a lovely photo of Victoria with her family taken about 1916.

Anthime Moreau Family, 1916

Anthime Moreau Family, 1916

Back row: Joseph Jean Baptiste, Marie Blanche Délia, Marie Angélina, Marie Aurore Pamela, and Joseph Octave Philibert.  Middle row: Anthime Duplessie, Marie Elisa Herminie, Victoria Olivier, and Marie Exilda Aldéa.  Front row: Joseph Ovila Adélard, Joseph Ulric Donat, and Marie-Jeanne.

They had another son, Joseph Rolland Sylvio, who was born in 1920 after this photo was taken.

The last surviving child was Marie Evelina “Evelina” Olivier (1878-1934), who married Jean Baptiste Guillaume “William” Morrisseau.  Here is a lovely photo from their wedding on 19 Sept 1898 in Burlington, Vermont.

Mélina Oliver & William Morrisseau, 1898

Evelina Oliver & William Morrisseau, 1898

In 1906 Henri Octave Olivier and Philomène Cottenoire celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary two years early.  Here is an article from that celebration with a translation in English:

48th Wedding Anniversary Article

48th Wedding Anniversary Article

A beautiful family celebration took place last Saturday. The “Day of the Kings” at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Octave Olivier of Saint-Thomas de Joliette [Québec, Canada], on the occasion of the 48th anniversary of their marriage. One of the spouses is 69 years old and the other 67. All the children were present: Philémon from Providence, United States; Adélard and Hildège of Burlington; Eugène of Saint-Thomas de Joliette, Cordélia, wife of Mr. Ch[arle]s. Perreault of Burlington; Victoria, wife of Anthime Moreau of Berthier; Albina, Mrs. Ch[arle]s. Desroches of Joliette, and Mélina [Evelina], Mrs. C. Mousseau [Morrisseau] of Burlington. All the sons are married and of these different marriages were born 32 grandchildren, among which is a great-grand-child Blanche Baillargeon, age 2, daughter of Félix Baillargeon who is the husband of Hildège Olivier’s daughter from Burlington, VT. It was a joyful reunion because the family of Mr. Octave Olivier hasn’t gotten together in 21 years. In light of the poor health of Mr. Octave Olivier, the date of their golden wedding anniversary celebration was moved up by two years.


Jean Gregoire Bacon (1850-1936)

Jean Gregoire Bacon, my great-great-grandfather, was born 19 Dec 1850 in the town of Joliette, Québec, Canada.  He was baptized the next day at Ste-Elizabeth.  In French the record says:

“The 20th December, 1850, I the undersigned priest have baptized Gregoire born yesterday of the legitimate marriage of Jean Bacon, farmer, and of Marie Anne Gilbert of this parish.  Godfather: Jean Baptiste Robillard, Godmother: Marguérite Champagne, who, with the father, did not know how to sign [their names].”

Jean G. Bacon, Baptism, 1850

Jean G. Bacon, Baptism, 1850

Jean G. Bacon was born into a catholic, French-speaking, farming family, the son of Jean Baptiste Bacon Sr (1804-1889) and Marie Anne “Marianne” Gilbert dite Comtois (1812-1867).  He had three sisters and six brothers, as well as four half siblings from his father’s two previous marriages.  [Interestingly, Jean had a half-brother named Jean-Baptiste Bacon Jr (1824-1864) who was in Company K of the 1st Cavalry Regiment from Vermont during the Civil War.  He died on 8 Dec 1864 at Richmond, Virginia while a prisoner of war, only three months after he joined the Union Army.]

Jean’s was not an uncommonly large family for rural Québec at that time.   In other branches of Jean’s family tree we often find ten, twelve, fourteen, or even more children.  These were farming families.  They had lots of kids, many of whom would not survive childhood.  It was not uncommon for the women to die and for the men to remarry and continue having children with a second or third wife.  And they were almost always illiterate.  The French Canadian records between 1640 and 1860 are almost always terminated with the phrase seen above: “The participants did not know how to sign their names”.

Jean’s family had been in Québec, also called “New France” (Nouvelle France), since 1645 when his 4x great-grandfather Gilles Bacon came to Québec from St-Gilles in Normandy, France as a Jesuit Missionary.

Jean and his family are in the 1851 census for Joliette, Québec where his father is listed as a “Cultivateur” or farmer.  Some of the sons are listed as “Journalier” or day-laborer.  Jean is listed as “Gregoire” and is one year old.

Bacon Family Census, 1851

Bacon Family Census, 1851

He and his family are listed again in the 1861 census for Ste-Elizabeth, Berthier County, Québec when Jean was 11 years old.

Our first record of Jean in America comes in the 1870 census when he was 20 years old.  There are no entries for him before this in the Burlington City Directory, so it’s fairly likely that this was about the time he came to America.  Jean is listed as “John Bacon” in the census for Burlington, Vermont, where he is living with George Chase, a railroad engineer, and working as a “wheelwright” – a crafter of wooden wheels for wagons or carriages.  He is listed as being able to read and write.

1870 Burlington Census

1870 Burlington Census

In 1871, he briefly went to work for C.B. Gray, a carriage and sleigh manufacturer who had his workshop at 183 S. Champlain Street in Burlington.  This photo of the building was likely taken right around that time:

C. B. Gray Carriage Company c1870

C. B. Gray Carriage Company c1870

[Photo from “Burlington: Volume II” by Mary Ann DiSpirito]

183 S. Champlain Street

183 S. Champlain Street – Present Day

That same year he seems to have gone back home to Québec to get married.  On 27 Aug 1871 “Gregoire Bacon of Burlington” and “Cordélie Olivier of [Ste-Elizabeth]” signed as godparents of Cordelia’s niece Marie Emma Olivier.  Oddly, Emma was also Jean’s niece since Emma’s mother was Valérie Bacon, Jean’s sister!

About a week later, Jean married Cordélie (Cordelia) Olivier on 4 Sept 1871 at Ste-Elizabeth in Joliette.  Unlike the many generations which preceded them, both Jean Gregoire and Cordelia signed their marriage record, as did many of the witnesses present.

Bacon Olivier Marriage Signatures, 1871

Bacon Olivier Marriage Signatures, 1871

Cordélia Olivier was born only three months before her husband on 11 Sept 1850 in the same town of Ste-Elizabeth, Joliette, Québec, Canada.  The daughter of Henri François Olivier (1812-1876) and Elizabeth Tellier (1815-1886), Cordélia was the thirteenth of sixteen children in the family of nine girls and seven boys.  In fact, between 1836 and 1855 the Oliviers only missed having children in four of those 20 years!  Just as impressive, only one of those children died in infancy, so Cordélia must have grown up in a very crowded house.

In 1872, Jean and his new wife moved back to Burlington to stay.  He applied to be a US Citizen and was naturalized on 31 Aug 1872.

Naturalization, 1872

Naturalization, 1872

From 1875-1880 Jean worked as a wheelwright for Harmon A. Ray, who was a wagon-maker who had a shop at the corner of Front and North Streets in Burlington and from 1880-1885 he worked for the William Smith Carriage Company.

H. A. Ray Carriage Shop on Front Street, present day.

H. A. Ray Carriage Shop on Front Street, present day.

William Smith Advertisement, 1890

William Smith Advertisement, 1890

These were no crude wagons that Jean was helping to build; they were the equivalent of Cadillacs.  These carriages were made of elegant polished woods with luxurious upholstery and finishes.  Jean was a craftsman, helping to build the finest conveyances of his era:

“The open and top buggies on display were of superior craftsmanship and were sold for close to a thousand dollars. These ranged from yacht bodied, coal-box patterned open buggies to Germantown Rockaway’s. It is said that a Mr. Henry Loomis purchased an elegantly cushioned and upholstered Germantown Rockaway for 800 dollars. With this being known, it is understood that more than just carpentry and finishing went into this craft, but upholstery as well.”

[From: http://www.uvm.edu/~hp206/2013/pages/pellegrino/index.html#gray].

Around this time four children were born to Jean and his wife Cordelia:  Alexander Moses Bacon (11 Aug 1875 – 24 Sept 1947), Olive Ava “Eva” Bacon (1 Nov 1878 – 11 Dec 1938), a stillborn boy born on 15 Oct 1881, and their last child, my great-grandmother Delia Rosanna Bacon (17 Oct 1885 – 20 Oct 1918).  There was another child who died in infancy whose records I have not yet found.  [Cordelia is listed as the mother of 5 children, 3 living in the 1900 Census.]

Alex, Olive, and Delia Bacon (l to r).

Alex, Olive, and Delia Bacon (l to r).

1880 Burlington Census

1880 Burlington Census

This next photo shows the Joseph Cartier blacksmith and carriage shop in Burlington about 1885.  It gives you an idea of the kind of places Jean was working during this period.  (Jean went to work for Joseph some years later.)

Carriage Company, 1886

Cartier Carriage Company, 1886

[Photo courtesy of John Fisher: http://www.johnfishersr.net/cartier.html]

In 1881, Jean purchased a property at 45 Archibald Street that would be in his family for many years to come.  In fact, his son Alexander lived there from 1902 until his death in 1947.

45ArchibaldStreetBurlingtonVT

45 Archibald Street, present day.

My great-great-grandfather briefly opened a wheelwright shop in the Summer of 1886 as part of the Patnaude blacksmith shop, according to this article in the local paper:

June 30, 1886

June 30, 1886 “Argus and Patriot”

That same year he was also listed in the City Directory as working for carriage-maker Jerry Lee at 175 Pearl Street.

He must have yearned to go into business for himself, because in 1888 he temporarily retired from the Carriage-making business to open a grocery store, first at 148 N. Champlain Street – where he and his family lived above his store…

148 N. Champlain Street.

148 N. Champlain Street.

then from 1890 to 1901 at the location of the new Bacon family home: 24 Cedar Street.

Bacon Home on Cedar Street from 1890 Burlington City Map

Bacon Home on Cedar Street from 1890 Burlington City Map

Jean and his family would live at 24 Cedar Street for the next 66 years, but for those eleven years he also ran a business selling “groceries and provisions” out of the building.

24 Cedar Street.

24 Cedar Street, residence of the Bacon family for more than 65 years.

1900 Burlington Census

1900 Burlington Census

From 1902-1905 Jean doesn’t have an occupation listed in the city directory, so he may have been “between jobs” for that period.

BaconFamily

The Bacon Family c1905. Olive, Delia, & Alex (back row). Jean and Cordelia seated in front.

He then returned to carriage-making, working for two years (1906-1907) at the Joseph Cartier blacksmith and wagon shop on 128 North Street.

Cartier Blacksmith Shop, 128 North Street c1895

Cartier Blacksmith Shop, 128 North Street c1895

[Photo courtesy of John Fisher: http://www.johnfishersr.net/cartier.html]

In 1907 the family of Charles Perreault and his wife’s niece Cordelia Olivier were living with Jean’s son Alexander Bacon at 45 Archibald Street.  In the 1910 census, however, two of the Perreault children were living with the Bacon family without their parents.  I’ll write more about that story in an upcoming blog.

1910 Burlington Census

1910 Burlington Census

From 1911-1919 he returned to the William Smith Carriage Company as a wheelwright working out of the new Smith shop at 168 St. Paul.  He may, in fact, have had his own shop there since he is listed as “Wheelwright in own shop” in the 1920 census.

164-186 St. Paul Street (uvm.edu photo)

164-168 St. Paul Street (uvm.edu photo)

Unfortunately, 1918 was a year of great tragedy for Jean.  The Spanish Influenza, which would kill between 20 and 50 million people in the US, swept through Burlington.  Jean’s daughter Delia Bacon Thomas died from the illness on 20 Oct 1918, leaving behind her husband Fred Thomas and two young children.  You can read that full story here:

The Story of Delia Bacon & Fred Thomas Sr.

Four days later, on 24 Oct 1918, Jean’s wife Cordelia Olivier also died from the same influenza.  She was buried in Mount Calvary Cemetery in Burlington.

The 1920 Census finds Jean living at 24 Cedar Street alone.  His daughter Olive and her husband Jim Halloran had taken his grandson Fred Thomas Jr, and Anna Thomas, the sister of Fred Thomas Sr., had taken in his grand-daughter Grace Thomas.

1920 Burlington Census

1920 Burlington Census

For the last two years of his working life, 1921 and 1922, Jean worked for the Herberg Service shop at 137 S. Winooski Ave.  He retired in 1923 at the age of 73.   This photo shows the building about 16 years after Jean retired.  It had transitioned completely from building and servicing carriages to servicing automobiles.  The world was changing.

137 S. Winooski Ave, c1939.

137 S. Winooski Ave, c1939.

In the 1930 census he is living at home with his daughter Olive and her husband Jim Halloran.  He is listed as widowed and no occupation is given.

1930 Burlington Census

1930 Burlington Census

In many ways Jean Gregoire Bacon was a remarkable man.  He made the step into a new country, learned English, and built a life for himself by working hard.  He stepped beyond the subsistence farming lifestyle his family had known for hundreds of years to learn a skilled trade.  He learned to read and write when very few if any of his ancestors could.  He endured many tragedies, and took care of, not just his own family, but the children of other families as well.

Jean Bacon died in his home at 24 Cedar Street on 23 Nov 1936 from acute bronchitis.  He was buried with his wife in Mount Calvary Cemetery.

Grave of Jean G. Bacon and Cordelia Olivier.

Grave of Jean G. Bacon and Cordelia Olivier.

Jean G. Bacon - 5 Generation Tree

Jean G. Bacon – 5 Generation Tree


More Olivier Family Photos

As I mentioned in my last blog, a gentleman from Winooski, Vermont alerted me to some “cabinet photos” from the late 1800’s or early 1900’s that he had found in an antique store. After identifying the one he had as being from my Olivier family, I contacted the antique shop owner and arranged to purchase the other photos from the same collection.  There were 10 more in all, although I’m certain many more have already been sold.

All but one of these are identified at this point.  When I get more information on any of them I’ll update this blog.

Many of the photos have writing in the back that all seems to have been done by the same person.  By piecing together the clues contained in the writing I discovered that the person who wrote on the photos was a grandson or grand-daughter of Albert Joseph James Perreault (1900-1980).  That means their father or mother was one of Albert’s children: Albert Joseph Perreault Jr (1924-2000), Jacquelyn Jane Perreault (1927-1988) or William Tooles Perreault (1931-2007).   I say this because the photos are of the Perreault, Olivier, and LaVigne families, but there were also some photos in the set (previously sold) that were of the Tooles family, and Albert’s wife was Sarah Marie Tooles (1900-1981).

So here are the photos with the captions as written and my comments:


“Charles Perreault, 47 Rose Street.”  Then in a different handwriting: “Gramp’s Grandfather”.

Henri Octave Olivier c1895

Henri Octave Olivier c1895

This is not Charles Perreault, who did live on Rose Street in Burlington, Vermont.  The L. Roy studio was in operation from 1894-1897, and Charles Perreault would have been 22 years old or so.  He also came to the US in 1892, so he was not living in Canada when he was the age of this man.   I would say this man is approximately 50 or 60 years old, putting his birth around 1834-1847.  I think the first writing was a statement of ownership.  That it belonged to Charles Perreault, and that the second person likely based their identification on that.

This photo, as it turns out, is actually of Henri Octave Olivier (1836-1911) who was my great-great-grand-uncle.  He was married to Philomène Cottenoire, whom we shall see later.  I was able to identify this photo after seeing it on the wall in the background of a picture taken at his son Hildaige Olivier’s home.  Octave was, indeed, the grandfather of Joseph James Perreault, as the caption indicates.


“Arthur Perreault & Cordelia Olivier, Gramp’s Parents”.

Olivier003

Cordelia Olivier, who was the 1st cousin of my great grandmother Delia Bacon, did not marry Arthur Perreault, but rather the afore-mentioned Charles Perreault.  This is the right time period and the right place to be their marriage, which took place in Joliette, Québec, Canada on 18 Feb 1890.


 

This photo has nothing written on the back.  Fortunately, I recognized it instantly when I saw it.

Olivier004

Another user on Ancestry.com had already posted a portion of this photo, so I knew this was a photo of Joseph Charles Desroches (1868-1941) and his wife Marie Joséphine Albina Olivier (1969-1928).  This was taken about 1902, and the two little girls are their daughters Marie Yvonne Desroches (1896-1979) and Marie Blandine Desroches (1899-1989).  The family never immigrated, and all four of them lived and died in Québec, Canada.


 

Paired with the above photo it’s easy to see that this next one is the same couple, taken on their wedding day, 3 Aug 1891 in Joliette, Canada:

Olivier005


 

“One of Gramp’s Aunts on the Olivier side”.

Olivier006

There is definitely a family resemblance with Albina Olivier from the photos above, so I’m inclined to believe that this is the Olivier family.  However, it looks to have been taken perhaps in the 1900 – 1915 range, so I think the woman in the photo might be a generation younger than Albert’s aunts would have been.  So far a leading candidate is Delia Perreault (1894-1966), Albert’s sister.


 

There is no writing on this next photo.  It was taken in Joliette, Québec, Canada, which means it could be either the Olivier or Perreault families.  It looks to have been taken around 1890, and is almost certainly a wedding photo, so that narrows down the choices somewhat.  A few days after posting this photo I heard from a descendant of this family who was able to identify the people in the photo.

Olivier007

“The couple in the photo where the man is holding a melon-shaped hat and gloves is Marie Louise Desroches (sister of Charles Desroches), seated, and her husband Camille Plouffe.   Charles and his sister were the only two children of Charles Borromée Desroches to stay in Canada.  The rest all immigrated to the United States with their parents.”

Camille Plouff (b 1875) and Marie Louise Cordelia Desroches (b 1877) were married 16 Feb 1900 in Holyoke, Massachusetts.  They moved back and forth between Holyoke and Joliette, Canada several times between 1900 and 1927.  This photo seems to have been taken near their marriage date during one of their stays in Joliette.


 

The writing on the back of this photo says simply “Perreault”.  I was able to identify this photo when I was sent a picture with them as an older couple from a cousin in Canada.

Olivier008

I believe this is Eugène Olivier (b 1874-1965) and Angéline Masse (1883-1960).  They were married in Joliette, Québec, Canada on 7 Feb 1899 at St-Thomas, Joliette, Québec, Canada.


 

The identity of this next woman was confirmed later by a family member.  She is Philomène Cottenoire (1839-1923), Albert Perreault’s maternal grandmother.  She married Henri Octave Olivier (1836-1911), who was my great-great-grand-uncle.

Olivier009


 

Finally, two baby photos.  The captions on these are “Gramp” and “Gram at age 9 months” respectively, which at first I thought was very unlikely since these photos were taken in the same photo studio in the exact same chair.  However, the children pictured would have been born about 1900 in Burlington, Vermont, and both Albert Perreault and his wife Sarah Tooles were born in 1900 in Burlington.

Subsequently a descendent of these two confirmed that these are, indeed, photos of Sarah and Albert.

“Gram at age 9 months

Sarah Marie Tooles (1900-1981) taken in December 1900, Burlington, Vermont.

Olivier010


 

“Gramp”

Albert Joseph James Perreault (1900-1980) taken 1900, Burlington, Vermont.

Olivier011