Category Archives: Curtis

The Mullins and Hammond Families

My great-grandmother Edith Edna Curtis was born 31 Mar 1903 in Dubuque, Iowa and died 26 Mar 1989 in Wausau, Wisconsin.  She was the mother of my maternal grandfather, Lloyd O. Krueger, and the daughter of Florin Herbert “Bert” Curtis and Edna Edith Mullins.


Edith Edna Curtis in 1947

I’ll write about the Curtis family some other time because it’s the only family on my mother’s side that’s not made up of recent immigrants to the US.  In fact, some branches of the Curtis family go back to the Pilgrims like much of my father’s family does.  Everyone in the family considered Edith to be “an Irish gal”, even though she was really only half Irish. Edith’s mother, Edna E. Mullins (1881-1964) was the child of Irish immigrants, John Mullins and Mary Jane Hammond.

John Mullins was a blacksmith, said to have been born on 25 Mar 1844 in Ireland, and mostly likely coming to the US about 1862 around the age of 18.  So far nothing is known about his family or his history in Ireland, and it is often the case that Irish immigrants did not know their actual birth dates and picked one once they arrived in America that they used here.

On 14 Sept 1863 John Mullins enlisted as a private in Company E of the 14th New York Heavy Artillery Regiment in the Union Army.  I find this remarkable, because it’s not likely he had been in this country more than a handful of years.  He served nevertheless.


John Mullins US Army enlistment, 1863

John’s company was sent on detached service to Fort LaFayette in New York Harbor where they manned the heavy cannons protecting the harbor.


Ft. LaFayette, New York Harbor, 1863

Later, in March 1864 his company joined the Army of the Potomac on the front lines where it was assigned to the 5th corps, to which it was attached throughout the remainder of the war, most of the time assigned to Ayres’ (2nd) division.  According to the New York State Military Museum, “The regiment took part in the engagements of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, the North Anna, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, White Oak Swamp, the first assault on Petersburg, Weldon railroad, Poplar Grove Church, Hicksford raid, Hatcher’s run, and the Appomattox campaign, including actions at Five Forks, the fall of Petersburg, and Appomattox Court House. ”

John Mullins was promoted “by special orders” to the rank of Corporal on 16 Aug 1864, and mustered out after the war in Washington D.C. on 26 Aug 1865.  I don’t know when his regiment returned from Virginia to Washington D.C., so I don’t know if he was in the nation’s capitol when President Lincoln was assassinated in April 1865.


John Mullins (1844-1894)

Faded service stone near the grave of John Mullins: “John Mullins, Co. E 14th Reg. N.Y. Heavy Art.”

Edna Mullins’ mother was the afore-mentioned Martha J. Hammond.  You can learn a lot more about her in this story.  She was born on on 22 Jun 1848 in Drummenny, Donegal, Ireland, the third child of John Hammond and Jane Bustard.  Martha came from a rather extensive family, having seven full siblings and thirteen half-siblings.  She arrived in the US on 26 Sept 1866 aboard the “Caledonia” sailing from Glasgow, Scotland to New York City.  She was 17 years old and traveling with her 20-year-old sister Elizabeth “Betty” Hammond.

The Caledonia which brought the Hammond sisters to the US in 1866.

Martha is in the 1870 census for Marengo, Iowa living with her 11-year-old sister Margaret.  John is in the same Census working as a Blacksmith on the ranch of cattle dealer Thomas Crew.  The next year, on 18 May 1871, the two were married in Marengo.


John Mullins & Mary Jane Hammond, c1871.

Four children were born in Marengo, and my 2x-great-grandmother Edna Mullins was born after the family moved to Grinnell, Iowa about 1879.  The family can be found in the 1880 census for Grinnell.   John is again listed as a blacksmith.

John Mullins was only 49 years old when he died in Grinnell of “paralysis” on 29 Jun 1894.  He was buried in Hazelwood Cemetery.  Martha went to live with her daughter Bessie and her husband Guy H. Curtis where they can be found in the 1900, 1910, 1915, 1920, and 1930 census records.  Martha Hammond Mullins died in Grinnell of heart disease on 2 Dec 1930 at the age of 82.


Martha Jane Hammond c1920

Their daughter (my 2x-great-grandmother) Edna Mullins was born in Grinnell, Iowa on 30 July 1881.  She married Florin Herbert “Bert” Curtis on 31 Dec 1896 in Great Falls, Montana.  She lied about her age and said she was 16 on her marriage license, but really she was only 15 years old.  Bert was 21.


Curtis family, about 1900.

After a brief stint in Montana, they moved back to Iowa.  Bert and Edna had at least nine children, and likely ten, between 1898 and 1917.  Edna was a housewife, raising the kids, and Bert worked painting carriages.  Eventually they moved to Toledo, Iowa and Bert made the move from painting carriages to painting cars.  By 1946 Bert and Edna had moved to Dubuque.

Burt & Edna Curtis in 1944

Bert Curtis and Edna Mullins at their 50th wedding anniversary celebration. January 1, 1947.

Bert died of a heart attack on 4 Oct 1952 at the age of 77, and Edna died 27 May 1964 at University Hospital of gangrene (probably diabetes-related).  She was 82.  They are both buried in Linwood Cemetery in Dubuque.

New Information on Mary Brown (1816-1853)

I’ve written before about being at a dead-end trying to determine the parents of my 4x great-grandmother Mary Brown (1816-1853).  Recently many new records have come online from the meetings of the Quakers (they call themselves “the Friends”) in the 1800’s.  Two new documents have shed some light on Mary’s parents.

I noticed this week that Mary’s husband, Anderson Hutchins (my 4x great-grandfather) had many, many brothers.  I remembered that there were several instances in the Quaker lines of my family where two brothers from one family would marry two sisters from another family, so I decided to see if any of Anderson’s brothers married a woman from the Brown family.


Anderson Hutchins c1885.  Portrait courtesy of Sarah Sears.

In fact, Anderson’s twin brother Meridith Hutchins (also born 19 Oct 1811) married Martha Elisabeth “Elisabeth” Brown, whom I strongly suspect was my grandmother’s sister.  Here is the document in question which comes from the “Mill Creek, Miami County, Ohio Monthly Meeting of Friends: Marriages, Births, and Deaths” which starts in 1823:


Hutchins/Brown Marriage Record, 1830

Hutchins/Brown Marriage Record, 1830

“Whereas Meridith Hutchins of the State of Ohio in the County of Montgomery, son of Benjamin Hutchins and Hannah, his wife, of the State and County afore-said, and Elizabeth Brown, daughter of Samuel Brown, deceased, of the State afore-said and Sarah, his wife, having declared their intentions of marriage with each other before a monthly meeting of the religious society of friends here at Mill Creek and having consent of parents there said proposal of marriage was allowed of by said meeting. These are to certify whom it may concern that for the full accomplishment of their said intentions this second day of the ninth month in the year of our lord 1830 they, the said Meridith Hutchins and Ellizabeth Brown, according to the custom of marriage adopting the name of her husband did as a further confirmation then and there to these presents set their hands. Meridith Hutchens, Elisabeth Hutchins. And we whose names are hereinto subscribed being present at the solemnization of the said marriage have as witnesses put our hands the day and year above written.


Benjamin Hutchins Jr. [Father of groom], ??, ?? Young, Isaac Hutchins [Uncle of groom], William Garner, Benjamin ??, ??, James Hutchins, ?? Cooper, Lucy Thornburgh, Josiah Hutchins [Uncle of groom], Anne Cooper, Mary Cooper, ??, Lucia Barnanard, Elisabeth Hutchins”

So this document gives the name of Elisabeth’s parents as Samuel & Sarah Brown.  This matches a notation I had found on a Rootsweb tree for my grandmother Mary Brown.  It says her father was deceased and that her parents were from Ohio.  Another Meeting of Friends entry from 20 Sept 1830 indicates, “Friends appointed to attend the marriage [of Meridith & Elisabeth] saw nothing disorderly.”  Which is comforting.

Martha Elisabeth Brown was born 28 Aug 1812 in Ohio and died 18 Jan 1905 in Sherman, Texas at the age of 92.  I’ll have to try to find her death record to see if her parents are mentioned.

The other document I found comes from the “Hinshaw Index to Selected Quaker Records: Wabash, Indiana Monthly Meeting”.  It is a list of all the children born to Anderson Hutchins and Mary Brown, but it also gives Mary’s date of birth as 23 Oct 1816:

Hutchins / Brown Children

Anderson Hutchins & Mary Brown – Family Record

A similar record exists for Elisabeth, although her last name was not known:

Hutchins Brown Quaker Record

Meredith Hutchins & Elisabeth Brown – Family Record

There are many more leads to follow up on now.  Hopefully something new will shake out as a result.

Grandma Was a Witch?

My 11x great-grandmother, Margaret Matson [her maiden name seems to have been Margareta Ericsdottir], was the ancestor of my great-grandmother Edith Edna Curtis.

Margaret was born about 1635 in Torshälla, Södermanland, Sweden.  She married Nils Matson [also Matsson] in Sweden on 5 Nov 1651.  The couple immigrated to America in 1654, arriving at “New Sweden, Delaware“.

According to a biography written by Nils Matsson’s great-grandson Peter Matson, Nils and Margareta arrived aboard the ship Örn and were initially assigned a plantation in “Finland”, an area south of Upland, Pennsylvania.  The family then moved to land along Crum Creek near present-day Eddystone, Pennsylvania.

The Matssons did not speak English, and had a prime tract of farmland due to their early arrival at the colony.  They were, by some accounts, prosperous farmers.  This may have led to distrust and jealousy amongst the later-arriving Dutch and English.  Margaret was also said to have been a “healer” in the Swedish tradition.  In any case, in 1683 Margaret was accused of witchcraft by several people in her settlement, including (indirectly) her own daughter-in-law.  Some accounts posit that this was a poorly-conceived attempt to wrest the land from the Matson family.

Whatever the motive, Margaret and Nils were brought before a provincial Grand Jury headed by William Penn himself to face charges that Margaret was a witch.  It was the only witchcraft trial ever held in the province of Pennsylvania.

William Penn, Governor of early Pennsylvania

William Penn, Governor of early Pennsylvania

The trial proceedings are recorded in the “Minutes of the Provincial Council of Pennsylvania“, and, frankly, it’s pretty funny stuff.  It’s written in Old English, which gives it a real charm, and the accusations against Margaret read like a scene from “Monty Python’s Holy Grail”.  It’s not far from “She turned me into a newt!

There was a preliminary hearing, held on 7 Dec 1683, that saw Nils Matson posting a bond of 50 pounds to ensure the good behavior of his wife.  The trial date was then set for the 27th of December.

At the actual trial a couple of different Swedes were available to translate for Margaret, who, as previously-stated, did not speak English.  Margaret plead “not guilty” to the charges, then the first witness against her took the stand.  Henry Drystreet testified that:

“He was tould 20 years agoe, that the prisoner at the Barr was a witch, and that several cows were betwitcht by her; also, that James Saunderling’s mother tould him that she bewitched her cow, but afterwards said it was a mistake, and that her Cow should doe well again, for it was not her cow but another person’s that should dye”.

Got that?  Henry got up and said he had once been told that Margaret was a witch, and his proof was that Mrs. Saunderling said that Margaret had bewitched her cow, but later told him she was mistaken because her cow was fine and it had been someone else’s cow that had died.  Compelling stuff.

The next witness was just as convincing.  Charles Ashcom took the stand and testified.

“Charles Ashcom attested, saith Anthony [Matson]’s wife being asked why she sould her Cattle; was because her mother [in-law] had bewitcht them, having taken the witchcraft of Hendrick’s cattle, and put it on their oxon; she might keep but noe other cattle.”

So, Charles’s point seems to be that he asked Margaret’s daughter-in-law why she sold her cattle, and she told him that Margaret had bewitched the cattle, taking a spell off Hendrick Jacobson’s cattle and putting it on some oxen.  As a result, the wife sold her cattle and wouldn’t own any more.

Charles then got into some more serious accusations:

“That one night the daughter of ye prisoner called him up hastily, and when he came she sayd that there was a great light but just before, and an old woman with a knife in her hand at ye bedd’s feet, and therefore shee cryed out and desired Jonathan Symcock to take away his calves, or else she would send them to hell.”

This one’s a little tougher to decipher, but it seems that Margaret’s daughter-in-law [the Matsons had three sons and no daughters] called Charles in the middle of the night to say, “You just missed it!  I was asleep, and then suddenly an old woman appeared in a flash of light at the foot of my bed!  She had a knife, and she said if John Symcock doesn’t take his baby cows off our property this spectral, knife-wielding woman would send us… or the calves… she wasn’t entirely clear on the matter… to hell!  Totally was not a dream.  At all!”

“She turned me into a newt!”, indeed.

Witch Trial (etching)

Witch Trial (etching)

The next witness, Annakey Coolin, testified that she and her husband had a calf die, “they thought, by witchcraft”, so they boiled the heart of the calf, presumably to draw out the witch.  When they were boiling the heart, Margaret came to their door and asked them what they were doing.  They told her they were boiling the flesh, and Margaret told them they should have boiled the bones of the calf instead.  This statement was, they said, accompanied by “other unseemly expressions”.  There was apparently another story told by Annakey about how Margaret had gotten out of her canoe and bewitched some geese.  That story is, unfortunately, only alluded to in the court transcript.

Finally, with the help of the interpreter, Margaret took the stand in her own defense.

“Margaret Mattson saith that she values not Drystreet’s evidence, but if Sanderlin’s mother had come, she would have answered her.  [She] also denyeth Charles Ascom’s attestation at her soul, and saith, “Where is my Daughter?  Let her come and say so.”  Annakey Cooling’s attestation concerning the geese, she denyeth, saying that she was never out of her canoe, and also that she never said any such things concerning the calve’s heart.  The Prisoner denyeth all things, and saith that ye witnesses speak only by hear say.”

In other words, “None of that happened, and none of you actually saw any of the things you’re testifying about.”  The jury deliberated and returned a verdict:

“The jury went forth, and upon their returne brought her in guilty of having the comon fame of a witch, but not guilty in manner and forme as shee stands indicted.”

That’s one of my favorite parts:  “We find you guilty of people thinking you’re a witch, but find you not-guilty of actually being a witch.”  Case closed.  Nils paid a 50 pound fine to ensure her good behavior for the next six months (kind of a probation), and they went home.

Nobody ever accused anyone else of being a witch in Pennsylvania after that.

Sarah Spencer Curtis – (1823 – 1893)

Sarah Spencer, my 4x great-grandmother, was the ancestor of my great-grandmother Edith Edna Curtis, who married Oscar Krueger.  The identity of Sarah’s parents was not known, so I’m putting what I know about her here so that I can organize the information in one place.

According to multiple sources, Sarah was born in Ohio, likely in Miami County.  Her death record gives the date of her birth as 23 May 1823.

The first record I have of Sarah is her marriage to Daniel Curtis on 15 Oct 1840 in the records for Miami County, Ohio.  The document doesn’t have much in the way of data.  It just says:

“No. 153, Daniel Curtis & Sarah Spencer.  Harvey Hoover sworn as to consent of Lady’s Mother – Gent – to age. Were married by me October 15th 1840, Burrell Pickinings, J.P. [Justice of the Peace]”

Curtis / Spencer Marriage, 1840

Curtis / Spencer Marriage, 1840

So we know Sarah’s mother was alive in 1840 [and can infer that her father probably was not], and that Harvey Hoover was their sworn witness.  This is important because we can find a marriage record from the same county on 20 Oct 1836 for Harvey Hoover and Rebecca Spencer.  We can reasonably assume that Sarah and Rebecca were sisters.  In fact, Sarah and Daniel Curtis’s first son was named Harvey Hoover Curtis.  He was my 3x great-grandfather.  Rebecca Spencer was born in Ohio on 15 Mar 1819 and died in Pipe Creek, Indiana on 6 Nov 1868.  Her death record might yield some clues to her parents.

Sarah and Daniel Curtis had four known children.  Their daughter Anna Jane Curtis (1841-1924) was born in Troy, Ohio in 1841, their son Harvey Hoover Curtis (1844-1917) was born in Little York, Ohio in 1844, son John Spencer Curtis was born in Miami County in 1846, and Samuel Crawford Curtis (1851-1927), was born in the town of Bunker Hill, Indiana in 1851.

The middle name “Crawford” for Samuel might be a clue to the identity of his mother’s parents since there is no Crawford family on the Curtis side.  Sarah’s half-brother Newton Jones had a son named Orren Crawford Jones.  Sarah’s daughter Anna Jane Curtis had a son named Francis Crawford Hedrick.  I’m guessing the name Crawford comes from Anna’s side of the family, and may be the maiden name of her mother.

One theory about Sarah’s parentage came from a user on who sent this message:

“I know [Sarah Spencer’s] mother was Anna Jones and step dad is Sam Jones, but don’t know her mom’s maiden name.  I am finding her mother as Anna Jones married to Samuel Jones. I think she was Anna Sutton then married a James Spencer then Samuel Jones, then died at her daughter Eliza Cain’s house in Indiana.”

The evidence for this narrative:

  • Anna Sutton married James Spencer 29 Nov 1810 in Preble County, OH.
Spencer/Sutton Marriage, Preble County, Ohio, 1810.

Spencer/Sutton Marriage, Preble County, Ohio, 1810.

  • There is a death record for James Spencer in 1825 in Ohio.  Unfortunately there are no details in the record beyond that.
  • Anna Spencer married Samuel Jones 6 Sept 1825 in Miami County, OH.

There is certainly evidence to support this version of events. The part about Anna Sutton marrying James Spencer has a kink, as she was said to have been born in 1795-6, so that would have made her 14 or 15 at the time of her marriage, but she could have been married young and/or also been making herself a bit younger when answering the census.  Marriage at 15 was not unheard of at that time.  If we accept this version, Anna marries James Spencer who dies about 1825. This jibes well with the father implicitly dead in the 1840 marriage record for Sarah Spencer. Then Anna remarries to Samuel Jones, who dies between 1850 and 1860.  She then goes to live with her daughter until her death.  The progression from Miami County, OH to Pipe Creek, IN is a good fit to be the right family and she’s living next to Rebecca Spencer, so I’m fairly confident Anna Jones is Rebecca Spencer’s mother.  It’s just a matter of proving that the Anna Spencer who married Samuel Jones in 1825 is also Anna Sutton who married James Spencer in 1810.  This theory is further supported by Sarah Spencer’s son being named James Spencer Curtis.

Other bits possibly related to this theory: Thomas Spencer married Mary Jeffries in Miami County, OH on 6 Aug 1835.  He is also the right age and place to be a possible sibling to Sarah Spencer.  John was born about 1811, which jibes well with the 1810 marriage of John Spencer and Anna Sutton.  The family moved to Franklin, Indiana sometime around 1840, following a similar trajectory to Daniel and Sarah.  In the 1870 census there is a Mollie Ludy living with Anna who was born in 1838 in Ohio.

Contradicting this theory is the fact that two of Anna’s children with Samuel Jones list “Anna Harmer” as their mother’s maiden name (Joseph R Jones’ marriage to Emma Fox in 1905 and the biography of Eliza Jones’s husband David Cain, written in 1898, which says: “[David Cain] married, in Pipe Creek township, Miami county, Miss Eliza Jones, a native of this county, born in 1831, daughter of Samuel and Annie (Harmer) Jones.”).

Another theory comes from a marriage record from 12 Nov 1818 in Miami County, Ohio where a James Spencer married a Sarah Jones, or a Sarah Young (depending on which transcription you trust).  Again, since Sarah Spencer’s son was named James Spencer Curtis, this could be a relative.

I’m following up on all these leads to see if I can determine which is correct.

Daniel Curtis & Sarah Spencer

Daniel Curtis & Sarah Spencer, my 4x great-grandparents, were the ancestors of my maternal grandfather, Lloyd O. Krueger.

Daniel Curtis was born 25 Dec 1814 in Butler, Ohio to John A. Curtis and Catherine Hoover (a distant relative of president Herbert Hoover). Daniel was a descendant of Samuel Curtis who came to Rowen County, North Carolina from Northamptonshire, England.  The lineage is as follows:

Samuel Curtis (1710 – 1797) oo Mary Lovitt (1713 – 1808)
James Curtis (1752 – 1795) oo Nancy Mast (1757 – 1851)
John A Curtis (1781 – 1864) oo Catherine Hoover (1787 – 1856)
Daniel Curtis

The Curtises and the Hoovers were Quaker families, or as they called themselves “The Friends”.   Many of the records for the family are records from Quaker meetings where happenings in the religious community were documented.

Sarah Spencer was born 23 May 1823 in Ohio, likely in Miami County.  At the time of this writing, I am not totally sure who her parents were, although I am following several leads.

I do know that Sarah had an older sister, Rebecca Spencer, who was born in Ohio on 15 Mar 1819.  Rebecca married Harvey Hoover on 20 Oct 1836 in Miami County, Ohio.  They ended up having six boys and one girl, and living in Pipe Creek, Indiana.

Hoover/Spencer Gravestone, from

Hoover/Spencer Gravestone, from

Daniel Curtis and Sarah Spencer were married almost exactly four years later on 15 Oct 1840 in Miami County, Ohio by Burrell Pickinings, Justice of the Peace.  Sarah’s brother-in-law, Harvey Hoover, was their sworn witness.

Curtis / Spencer Marriage, 1840

Curtis / Spencer Marriage, 1840

The couple’s first son was named Harvey Hoover Curtis after Sarah’s brother-in-law.  Harvey Hoover Curtis was my 3x great-grandfather.

Harvey Hoover Curtis & Mary Jane Hutchins, c1910

Harvey Hoover Curtis & Mary Jane Hutchins, c1905

[As an aside, this photo, taken in Great Falls, Montana (likely for their 40th anniversary in 1905), is interesting to me because my grandmother is wearing a brooch with a photo of a couple on it. Is it an older photo of them? A marriage photo for one of their children?  A cousin of mine and descendant of the family believes that the brooch photo might be their wedding photo from 1865.  To me, it looks like a photo of her sister-in-law Anna Curtis Hedrick (see portrait below).]


Close-up of Mary Hutchins’ brooch.

After their marriage, Sarah Spencer and Daniel Curtis stayed in Miami County, Ohio for several years. Their daughter Anna Jane Curtis (1841-1924) was born in Troy, Ohio on 20 Sept 1841, their son Harvey Hoover Curtis (1844-1917) was born in Little York, Ohio on 20 Jan 1844, and the birth record of son John Spencer Curtis (1847-1904) says he was born in Dayton, Ohio on 25 Aug 1847.

Anna J Curtis Hedrick, from & Judy Christensen.

Anna J Curtis Hedrick, from & Judy Christensen.

Shortly after that, the Curtises moved to Miami County, Indiana where they are in the 1850 census for Pipe Creek Township.  Daniel and Sarah’s youngest son, Samuel Crawford Curtis (1851-1927), was born in the town of Bunker Hill, Pipe Creek Township, Indiana in 1851.

Samuel C. Curtis, from and the Lacy Family Tree.

Samuel C. Curtis, from and the Lacy Family Tree.

As stated above, the family appears in the 1850 census for Pipe Creek Township, Indiana. Daniel is listed as a farmer from Ohio. Their children Anna, Harvey, and John are also listed.

1850 Census, Pipe Creek, IN

1850 Census, Pipe Creek, IN

They are also in Pipe Creek for the 1860 Census. Daniel is again described as a “farmer”, and Harvey, John, and Samuel are still at home. Daughter Anna had married William Oscar Hedrick (1838 – 1909) on 26 Jul 1859 and they had moved to Jonesboro, Indiana by 1860.

1860 Census, Pipe Creek, IN

1860 Census, Pipe Creek, IN

There is some evidence to suggest that Daniel Curtis served as a Private in Company E of the 100th Regiment of the US Volunteer Infantry during the Civil War. This has not been confirmed.

Son Harvey Hoover Curtis enlisted in the Union Army on 5 May 1864 as a private with Company C of the 151st Indiana Infantry.  He was discharged from service on 29 Sept 1864.  He reinlisted on 31 Jan 1865 and was honorably discharged for a second time on 19 Sept 1865.  His service garnered him a pension of $12/month starting in 1907.

In 1870 the family can be found in the census for Rutland, Michigan. Sons Samuel and John are living with their parents, but John is married and his wife Lenora Ayers (“Eleanora” in the census), and son Charles are also listed in the same household. Daniel is still listed as a “farmer” and Sarah is listed as keeping house.

1870 Census, Rutland, MI

1870 Census, Rutland, MI

In 1870 daughter Anna Hedrick was in Hastings, Michigan with her husband and family, and son Harvey was in Rutland, Michigan with his family where he was listed as a stone mason in the census.

By 1880 Daniel and Sarah had moved back to Bunker Hill, Indiana where Daniel is listed as a “laborer” and Sarah as keeping house. You can see their son Samuel in the census directly below them:

1880 Census, Bunker Hill, Indiana

1880 Census, Bunker Hill, Indiana

At that time daughter Anna was living in Grinnell, Iowa (the eventual home town of my great-grandmother Edith Curtis) with her family.  Harvey was in Bunker Hill, Indiana near his parents, and John Curtis was in Fairfield, Iowa with his family where he was listed as a laborer for the railroad.  By 1885, however, John would move to Grinnell as his sister had.

On 17 Jun 1882, John S. Curtis’s infant son Casheous M. Curtis (who was born on Valentine’s day that year) was one of 50 people killed by a tornado which swept through Grinnell.  He was buried in Hazelwood Cemetery in Grinnell.

Grinnell Tornado Damage, 1882 (US Weather Service)

Grinnell Tornado Damage, 1882 (US Weather Service)

Sometime around 1885 Daniel Curtis died.  I haven’t found any death record for him, or a burial site.  In the 1885 census for Grinnell, Iowa, Sarah is living with her daughter Anna and is listed as “widowed”.

1885 Census, Grinnell, Iowa

1885 Census, Grinnell, Iowa

A record exists from “Headstones Provided for Deceased Union Civil War Veterans, 1879-1903” ordering a headstone for a Daniel Curtis who died 3 Sept 1885.  It’s not clear at all that this is my grandfather since the town listed is Martin’s Ferry, Belmont, Ohio.  As far as I know Daniel never lived there, so it seems odd that this would be where he’d choose to be buried.  I’m very skeptical that this has anything to do with my family.  Martin’s Ferry is in a totally different part of Ohio than anywhere Daniel is recorded to have lived.

Headstone order, 1885.

Headstone order, 1885.

In any case, Sarah seems to have lived with her daughter Anna in Boone, Iowa, until her own death.  She died there, in her daughter’s home, on 13 Jun 1893 at 3:40pm from “phthisis pulmonalis“, a form of tuberculosis, from which she had suffered for four years.

Sarah Spencer Death Cert, 1893

Sarah Spencer Death Cert, 1893

There was a short notice published about the funeral in the local paper:

Boone County Republican June 21st 1893 pg 5.

Boone County Republican June 21st 1893 pg 5

Her death record says that Sarah was buried in the Linwood Cemetery in Boone, Iowa, on 14 Jun 1893, but according to the cemetery office there is no marker for her grave there, and the Boone County Library was unable to locate her in the cemetery records.

So there are many mysteries that remain to be solved.  Who were Sarah’s parents, and when was she born?  Was Daniel a Civil War veteran?  When did he die?  Where are Daniel and Sarah buried?

The search goes on.


Father’s Day – 2013

As I did on Mother’s Day this year, I put together a collection of photographs of all the fathers in my family tree who contributed to making me the person I am.

Happy Father’s Day, my ancestors!


Mother’s Day – 2013

For Mother’s Day this year I decided to pay tribute to all the mothers in my Family Tree who contributed to making me who I am.  Of course there are tens or hundreds of thousands of women in my direct line of ancestry, if you go back to the beginning of our species.  My family tree goes back to the 1500’s in some places, to my 11x or 12x great grandparents.  As I’ve said before, that’s about 20,000 grandparents in your entire family tree to that depth.  Obviously there’s no way I can pay meaningful tribute to 10,000 women, so I decided to put together a collection of all the mothers, grandmothers, and great-grandmothers that I have photos of in my tree.  I hope you enjoy it as much as I do.


Happy Mother’s Day, my beloved ancestors!

The women who made me who I am.

The women who made me who I am.

The Robert Krueger Archives – Part 1

Robert Krueger, my great-grand-uncle, passed away last week.  His daughter Esther has generously allowed me access to his archives, which are extensive.  In total there must be over 3000 photos, clippings, documents, and other items.  I will post the best of the best items here as I am able, but this will likely take a long time.  This is the first bit of the collection.

My great-grandfather Oscar Karl Robert Krueger (1893 – 1983) and his first wife, Anna “Annie” Terpstra.  They were married just before Oscar was shipped off to fight in France in WWI, and were divorced upon his return from the war about a year later.  Much had changed while he was gone.  I’ll write that story another time.

Oscar Krueger & Annie Terpstra 1918

Oscar Krueger & Annie Terpstra 1918

Another photo taken the same day:

Oscar Krueger & Annie Terpstra

Oscar Krueger & Annie Terpstra


Oscar and his second wife, my great-grandmother Edith Edna Curtis (1903 – 1989) on their wedding day, 28 Feb 1921.  Edith was five months pregnant with my grandfather, Lloyd O. Krueger.


Oscar & Edith Krueger, 1921

This is my grandfather, Lloyd Oscar Krueger (1921-2010) on his Confirmation Day, 1925. One of my all-time favorite photos from the Krueger Family.


Lloyd Krueger Confirmation, 1925

A photo of Oscar and Edith from around 1933:

Oscar & Edith Krueger, 1933

Oscar & Edith Krueger, 1933

This one is labeled “Tom and Virginia Krueger”.  Likely taken on their wedding day.  Tom is the son of Oscar’s brother Eddie Krueger.


Tom Krueger& Virginia Adamski

A Krueger Family portrait taken about 1938.

Back row: Bobby Krueger, Harvey Krueger, Lloyd Krueger.

Front row: Edith Curtis Krueger, Bette Krueger, Oscar Krueger


Krueger Family , 1938

A casual shot of Oscar & Edith at home in 1973.

Oscar & Edith at home, 1973

Oscar & Edith at home, 1973


Curtis Family Photos

For me, doing Genealogy often involves looking at my family tree and noticing something that seems like it’s missing.  Then I go about trying to find what’s missing.  Recently I was looking at the family of my great-great grandfather Florin Herbert “Bert” Curtis (1875 – 1952) and I realized that I didn’t know much about any of his children except my “Great-Grandma Krueger”, Edith Edna Curtis (1903 – 1989), who married my great-grandfather Oscar Karl Robert Krueger.  I know a lot about the Curtis family, and have also learned a great deal about the family of Bert Curtis’s wife, Edna Edith Mullins (1881 – 1964) whose parents John Mullins and Martha Hammond were Irish immigrants.  But I didn’t know much about the children of Bert and Edna.  My plan to remedy this situation was simple: find the youngest child (they would have the best chance of having kids who were still alive), fill out their family tree until I found living relatives, then ask those living descendants if they had any photos or family stories.  I could not have possibly been more successful!

The youngest sibling I knew of in that family was Ruth Curtis, who was born in 1917, a full 14 years after my great-grandma Edith.  Ruth had four children, and as I researched them I discovered that two of her daughters, Pat Williams and Judy Williams, were still alive.  As is often the case, the numbers I obtained through were no longer in service, so I sent Judy a letter telling her who I was and explaining how we were related.  A few weeks later, she called me and said she would love to meet.  She told me she remembered my great-grandmother and had come to visit her and my great-grandfather at their Northern Wisconsin cabin when she was a little girl.  She also said she had “a few old photos and some other things” I might find interesting.  My mother and I arranged to go to Dubuque, Iowa to see her.

We arrived at her lovely home and met Judy, her sister Pat, and Judy’s husband Duane.  We chatted a bit, and then she started bringing out bags of photos.  Then more.  Then more.  Eventually her kitchen table was piled with incredible photographs.  There were stacks of documents, pages of family history compiled by her ancestors nearly 100 years before… a true jackpot for anyone who loves doing family research.  I let my iPhone record the conversation for almost three hours while I frantically scanned everything I could grab and the family stories flowed.  My Curtis cousins could not have been more warm and charming.  I enjoyed our time together and plan to go back and finish the job I started.   By the time we had to leave I had only gotten through a portion of what Judy had assembled for me!

I wanted to post a few of the gems here that Judy let me scan.  I hope you enjoy them as much as I do.

This is a good first photo to get you introduced to the family.  It was taken on December 31, 1946 at a party celebrating the 50th wedding anniversary of Bert Curtis and his wife Edna Mullins.  They are surrounded by the children who were still alive.  Their children Clarence (b 1898), Grace (b ~1900), Gladys (1905 – 1934), William (1913 – 1940) and Helen (1922 – 1923) did not survive to attend that party, unfortunately.  My Grandma Krueger is on the far right.


(l to r) Ruth Curtis, Mildred Curtis, Teddy Curtis, Edna Mullins, Bert Curtis, Laura Curtis, Harold Curtis, Edith Curtis.

This next photo is of Judy’s mother, Ruth Curtis Williams.  Apparently the Curtis family was very into roller-skating.  Pat told me,”We practically grew up in roller-skates!”.  This photo shows a very young Ruth in her prized skates:

Ruth Curtis c1934.

Ruth Curtis c1934.

Staying on the roller-skate theme, here is a photo which was hand-tinted to add color.  For some reason many of the photos of Ruth were hand-tinted, but the colors on this one were so vivid I was immediately struck by it:

Ruth Curtis roller-skating.  Hand-tinted.

Ruth Curtis roller-skating. Hand-tinted.

For selfish reasons, this next photo is one of my favorites.  It shows Bert and Edna Curtis with their son-in-law and grandson.  The son-in-law is my great-grandfather Oscar Krueger, and the boy is my grandfather Lloyd Krueger.  I had never seen a photo of either one of them at such a young age.  It was probably taken about 1935.  The other boy is possibly my great-uncle Bobby Krueger.:

Bert Curtis, Edna Mullins, Oscar Krueger, Lloyd Krueger, about 1935.

Bert Curtis, Edna Mullins, Oscar Krueger, Lloyd Krueger, about 1935.

This one is a hand-tinted photo of Mildred Curtis (who went by “Mickey”), and her first husband Percy Johnson whom she married at the age of 18:

Mildred Curtis & Percy Johnson, about 1929.

Mildred Curtis & Percy Johnson, about 1929.

This photo has “Aggie Mullins” written on the front, but Agnes Mullins (sister of my great-great-grandmother Edna Mullins) died in 1891 at the age of 15.  On the back of the photo is written “Grandma Martha Mullins, Ruthie’s Gram”.  So the photo is more likely that of Martha Jane Hammond (1849 – 1930), my great-great-great grandmother, who came here from Donegal, Ireland in 1866 aboard the “Caledonia” with her sister Elizabeth.

[Follow-up: Users on the site have said of the photo “The hat is mid 1890s, say 94 – 96. The bodice might be 1890 – 93 ish. She may well have bought a new hat for her portrait.”  Makes it much less likely that it was Agnes Mullins in the photo.]:

Martha Jane Hammond, about 1895.

This postage-stamp size photo shows Ruth Curtis’s daughter Pat Williams as a child, taken about 1942:

Pat Williams, about 1942.

Pat Williams, about 1942.

Harry Curtis (1899-1983) taken about 1919:


Harry Curtis, c1919.

This next photo shows Clarence and Grace Curtis, children of Bert and Edna, who unfortunately both died in childhood.  We don’t know exactly when they died, but the children look to be between a year and two years apart.  Since Grace is not in the 1900 census, and since Clarence was born in 1898, it seems most likely Grace was born in late 1900 or 1901 and that both died before 1910 since neither Clarence nor Grace appear in that census.

Clarence & Grace Curtis, about 1901.

Clarence & Grace Curtis, about 1901.

This hand-tinted photo shows my great-grandmother Edith’s sister Laura Violet Curtis (1909-1988):

Laura Curtis, about 1935.

Laura Curtis, about 1935.

One interesting thing about the Curtis family is that Bert Curtis married Edna Mullins, and Bert’s brother Guy Harvey Curtis (1873 – 1940) married Edna’s sister Elizabeth “Bess” Mullins (1878 – 1956).  This photo shows Bess Mullins Curtis with her niece Ruth Curtis, her daughter Lois Maxine Curtis (1917-1985), and Lois’s daughter Carol Emmert (b 1937):

Bess Mullins Curtis, Ruth Curtis, Lois Curtis & Carol Emmert.

Bess Mullins Curtis, Ruth Curtis, Lois Curtis & Carol Emmert.

This photo shows Bert’s brother, the above-mentioned Guy Harvey Curtis, with two of his children.  The boy is his youngest son Paul Robert Curtis (1922-1996).  The girl is likely his daughter Mabel Edna Curtis (1908-1989).  They are standing in front of the family restaurant in Grinnell, Iowa:

Guy Curtis, Mabel Curtis, & Paul Curtis, about 1930.

Guy Curtis, Mabel Curtis, & Paul Curtis, about 1930.

Edna Mullins with her son Harry Curtis.  Taken in September 1954:

Edna Mullins & Harry Curtis, Sept 1954.

Edna Mullins & Harry Curtis, Sept 1954.

And, finally, the most remarkable photo in the collection.  This photo shows a very young Bert and Edna Curtis with two of their children.  Likely taken about 1900 in Great Falls, Montana, the writing on the back says “Bert and Edna Curtis with Clarence and Harry or Harry and Grace”:

Curtis family, about 1900.

Curtis family, about 1900.

President Herbert Hoover (1874-1964)

I just found out I’m related to President Herbert C. Hoover through my great-grandma Edith Edna Curtis.  He’s my 3rd cousin 4x removed.  Very basically, John M Hoover is my 6x great-grandfather and he’s Herbert Hoover’s great-great grandfather:

Herbert Clark Hoover (1874 – 1964)
Jesse Clark Hoover (1846 – 1880) Father of Herbert Clark
Eli Hoover (1820 – 1892) Father of Jesse Clark
Jesse Hoover (1799 – 1856) Father of Eli
John M Hoover (1760 – 1831) Father of Jesse
Catherine Hoover (1787 – 1856) Daughter of John M
Daniel L Curtis (1814 – 1885) Son of Catherine
Harvey Hoover Curtis (1844 – 1917) Son of Daniel L
Florien Herburt Curtis (1875 – 1952) Son of Harvey Hoover
Edith Edna Curtis (1903 – 1989) Daughter of Florien Herburt
Lloyd Oscar Krueger (1921 – 2010) Son of Edith Edna
Ellen Kay Krueger (1945 – ) Daughter of Lloyd Oscar
Charles Frederick Thomas son of Ellen Kay

Herbert Hoover, my 3rd cousin 4x removed

The Hoover line goes back through my 6x great-grandparents John M Hoover (1760-1831) and Sarah Burkhart (Burkett) (1767-1843):

John Hoover’s parents were Andreas Huber (1723-1794), who was from Ellerstadt, Germany, and Anna Margaretha Pfautz (1725-1798), who was from the Neckar Valley in Wurtzburg, Bavaria.  They came to the US in the 1720’s, which is quite a bit before the rest of my German/Prussian ancestors got here.